Author Of 2 Presentations
P0128 - Outcomes in Alemtuzumab-Treated Patients With Thyroid Adverse Events: 6-Year Pooled CARE-MS Data (ID 736)
Over 6 years in the CARE-MS core and extension trials (NCT00530348; NCT00548405; NCT00930553), alemtuzumab improved outcomes in RRMS patients, but many experienced thyroid adverse events (AEs).
To characterize thyroid AEs over 6 years in alemtuzumab-treated patients from the CARE-MS core and extension trials.
Patients received 2 alemtuzumab courses, with as-needed additional alemtuzumab ≥12 months after the most recent course. An expert panel of 3 independent endocrinologists reviewed all reported cases of thyroid-related laboratory abnormalities and AEs to assess diagnosis, start date, and outcome through a consensus approach. Cases for which consensus was not reached, or those that were preexisting or occurred after Y6 were excluded.
Over 6 years, 378/811 (47%) alemtuzumab-treated patients had a thyroid AE or laboratory abnormality (342 [42%] with thyroid AE; 44 serious AEs). After panel review, 292 cases had a consensus diagnosis as a thyroid AE, no consensus diagnosis could be reached in 60 cases, 2 cases were deemed pre-existing, and 24 occurred after Y6. Cases with a consensus diagnosis were adjudicated to Graves’ disease (40%), Hashimoto’s disease (17%), transient thyroiditis (8%), Graves’ disease switching to hypothyroidism (6%), Hashimoto’s disease switching to hyperthyroidism (3%), or uncertain (27%). Oral thyroid medications were given to 245/292 (84%) patients, primarily levothyroxine/levothyroxine sodium (n=187; 64%) or thiamazole (n=126; 43%); 32/292 (11%) patients underwent thyroidectomy and 26/292 (9%) underwent radioiodine therapy. Within 2 years of the last alemtuzumab course, 83% of thyroid AEs appeared (>97% were detected within 4 years). Patients with vs without thyroid AEs received similar numbers of alemtuzumab courses (2 courses: 62% vs 60% of patients; 3 courses: 24% in each group). From baseline to Y6, MS disease outcomes were similar in patients with vs without thyroid AEs (annualized relapse rate: 0.20 vs 0.21; mean EDSS score change: −0.04 vs +0.08; proportion with stable/improved EDSS scores: 81% vs 80%; proportions MRI disease activity-free: 60%-78% per year vs 60%-76% per year; and median cumulative brain volume loss: −1.11% vs −1.27%). Outcomes as of last follow-up were recovered (53%), ongoing (46%), and unknown (0.3%).
Graves’ disease was the most common thyroid AE. Most thyroid AEs were treated with oral medications. No differences in 6-year MS disease outcomes were seen when comparing patients with or without thyroid AEs.
STUDY SUPPORT: Sanofi and Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals.
P0219 - Ocrelizumab Phase IIIb efficacy from CASTING: 2-year NEDA (MRI re-baselined) subgroup rates in RRMS patients with a suboptimal response to prior DMTs (ID 974)
Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) often experience disease activity despite receiving a disease-modifying therapy (DMT). The Phase IIIb CASTING study (NCT02861014) of ocrelizumab evaluated the efficacy/safety in patients with RRMS who had a prior suboptimal response to one or two DMTs (primary endpoint: 2-year no evidence of disease activity [NEDA] rate).
To evaluate CASTING 2-year NEDA outcomes by inclusion criteria, baseline characteristics and prior DMT.
Patients (Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] score ≤4.0; discontinued prior DMT of ≥6 months’ duration due to suboptimal disease control) received intravenous ocrelizumab 600 mg every 24 weeks for 96 weeks. The primary endpoint of NEDA (with prespecified MRI re-baselining at Week 8) was defined as absence of: protocol-defined relapses, 24-week confirmed disability progression, T1‑weighted contrast-enhancing and new/enlarging T2-weighted lesions over 2 years.
A total of 680 patients were evaluated (female, 64%; mean [SD] baseline EDSS score, 2.1 [1.1]; pretreated with one or two DMTs, including orals and injectables, n=411 [60.4%]/n=269 [39.6%]; enrolled due to activity of: MRI only, n=167 [24.6%]; relapse only, n=238 [35.0%]; MRI and relapse, n=275 [40.4%]). After 2 years, 74.8% (n/N=492/658) of patients had NEDA (with MRI re-baselined at Week 8). The NEDA rate was highest among patients enrolled due to MRI activity alone (80.6%) versus enrollment for relapse (75.1%) or relapse with MRI (70.5%). NEDA rates across disease-related subgroups were highest in the subgroups of baseline EDSS score <2.5 (77.2%), ≤1 relapse prior to enrollment (78.2%) and the event leading to enrollment occurring ≥6 months prior to study entry (75.8%) versus the counterpart subgroups of EDSS score ≥2.5 (70.8%), >1 relapse prior to enrollment (66.3%) and the event leading to enrollment occurring <6 months prior to entry (71.0%). The NEDA rate did not vary by baseline age (≤40 years, 74.7%; >40 years, 75.0%). NEDA rates were higher in patients receiving one prior DMT (77.6%) versus two prior DMTs (70.3%) and remained generally high when stratified by the last prior DMT received before enrollment: interferons, 81.1%; glatiramer acetate, 73.9%; dimethyl fumarate, 73.8%; teriflunomide 69.8%; fingolimod, 68.9%.
The NEDA rate was high overall and across a wide range of disease-related and demographic subgroups, regardless of prior treatment background.