San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University

Author Of 5 Presentations

Observational Studies Oral Presentation

PS01.04 - Comparison of disability trajectories in relapsing Multiple Sclerosis patients treated with early intensive or escalation treatment strategies

Abstract

Background

to date, no consensus exists on how aggressively and timely treat relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients.

Objectives

To evaluate disability trajectories in a cohort of RRMS patients stratified according to two different disease modifying therapy (DMT) strategies, early intensive treatment (EIT) or moderate-efficacy treatment followed by escalation to higher-efficacy DMT (ESC).

Methods

RRMS patients with ≥5-year follow-up and ≥3 visits after start DMT, and a first visit within 3 years from disease onset were selected from the Italian MS Registry. EIT group included patients who received, as first DMT, fingolimod, natalizumab, mitoxantrone, alemtuzumab, ocrelizumab, cladribine. ESC group included those who received the high efficacy DMT after ≥1 year of glatiramer acetate, interferons, azathioprine, teriflunomide or dimethylfumarate treatment. Patients were 1:1 propensity score(PS)-matched for characteristics at the first DMT. The follow-up time from the first DMT start has been segmented into 12-month periods. The disability trajectories were evaluated by applying a longitudinal model for repeated measures with an autoregressive variance-covariance structure. The effect of early versus late start of high-efficacy DMT was assessed by the mean annual EDSS changes compared to baseline values (delta-EDSS) in EIT and ESC groups.

Results

The study cohort included 2,652 RRMS patients from 62 Italian MS centers. The PS matching procedure produced 365 pairs. The median (IQR) follow-up after the first DMT start was 8.5 (6.5–11.7) years. All of the ESC patients escalated to a higher-efficacy DMT after a median time of 5.1 (3.1–8.4) years. The estimated baseline EDSS with relative confidence interval (95% CI) value was 2.52 (2.33-2.71) in the ESC group and 2.45 (2.26-2.64) in the EIT group. Mean delta-EDSS at each 12 month period were all significantly (p<0.02) higher in the ESC group compared to the EIT group. In particular, the mean delta-EDSS differences between the two groups tend to increase from 0.1 (0.01-0.19, p=0.03) at 1 year to 0.30 (0.07-0.53, p=0.009) at 5 years and to 0.67 (0.31-1.03, p=0.0003) at 10 years.

Conclusions

Our results indicate that EIT strategy is more effective than ESC strategy in controlling disability progression and the effect tends to increase over time despite patients in the ESC group escalated to a higher-efficacy DMT.

Collapse
Observational Studies Oral Presentation

PS05.03 - Disease modifying treatment may delay time to wheelchair in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: a real-life cohort

Abstract

Background

Background: Except for ocrelizumab, treatment options in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) are lacking, as randomized clinical trials failed to show efficacy in reducing disability progression in this patient population.

Objectives

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of disease-modifying treatment (DMT) on hard disability outcomes (EDSS 6 and 7) in a real-life population of PPMS patients.

Methods

Methods: Using the Italian MS Registry, we selected PPMS patients with at least three EDSS evaluations and three years of follow-up. Study baseline was defined as the first EDSS evaluation for untreated patients and the date of the first DMT initiation for treated patients. The impact of DMT on the risk of reaching EDSS 6 and 7 was assessed as a dichotomous variable (yes versus no) and as a time-dependent covariate through multivariable Cox regression models (adjusted for age at baseline, sex, first EDSS score, symptoms at onset, annualized visit rate, annualized relapse rate). We compared outcomes with an as-treated analysis and used propensity-score matching (PSM) to select cohorts with comparable baseline characteristics. DMT-exposure was also evaluated in terms of quartiles of exposure.

Results

Results: Of the 1214 patients we included 671 females, mean ± Standard Deviation baseline age 48.7 ± 11.1 years, mean EDSS score 4.1 ± 1.8, 790 (65%) received a DMT during the follow-up (57% platform and 43% highly active treatments). In the whole sample, after a mean follow-up of 11.6 ± 6.3 years, 994 (82%) patients reached EDSS 6 and 539 (44%) EDSS 7. In the multivariable Cox regression models, the use of DMT analyzed as a dichotomous variable did not influence the risk of reaching EDSS 6 (aHR=1.1, 95% CI 0.95-1.28, p=0.181) and EDSS 7 (aHR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.77-1.12. p = 0.454). However, longer DMT exposure significantly reduced the risk of reaching EDSS 7 (aHR = 0.73, 95% CI 0.56-0.95, p =0.021). Of note, patients in the upper quartile of DMT exposure compared with those with shorter DMT exposure were younger at baseline (mean age 44.1 ± 10.6 years; p < 0.001) and received the first DMT closer to the disease onset (mean time to first DMT 6.8 years ± 6.1 ; p=0.002). All these findings were confirmed in the PSM analysis.

Conclusions

Conclusion: Our results suggest that longer exposure to DMT may delay time to wheelchair in PPMS patients. Moreover, treating younger patients and reducing the delay to treatment initiation may improve the patients’ long-term disability outcomes. To optimize treatment decision-making in PPMS further profiling of the best candidates to treatment is needed.

Collapse
Neuro-Ophthalmology Oral Presentation

PS15.05 - Retinal neuro-axonal loss reflects disability accrual in progressive multiple sclerosis independently from disease activity

Speakers
Presentation Number
PS15.05
Presentation Topic
Neuro-Ophthalmology
Lecture Time
13:39 - 13:51

Abstract

Background

The visual pathway has emerged as an elective platform to study the interaction between demyelination and neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS)

Objectives

We specifically assessed neural damage at this level in progressive MS (PMS), also exploring the evolution over time of functional (trough visual evoked potentials - VEPs) and structural (trough optical coherence tomography - OCT) parameters, as well as their relations with disease course and clinical disability.

Methods

We performed a prospective longitudinal study enrolling 350 PMS patients (228 secondary progressive MS - SPMS, 122 primary progressive MS - PPMS) who underwent a cross-sectional evaluation comprehensive of Expanded Disability Statur Scale (EDSS) assessment, high (HCVA)- and low-contrast (LCLA) visual acuity test, full-field (ff-VEPs) as well as multifocal (mf-VEPs) VEPs, and OCT. We performed a follow-up assessment (mean interval 2.0±0.9 years) in 147 patients (52 PPMS and 95 SPMS); a parallel collection of clinical records (including reports MRI scans, performed as per clinical practice) has been also obtained.

Results

Independently from previous optic neuritis (ON), we found visual conduction to be slower among SPMS compared to PPMS patients, particularly for mf-VEPs: mean latency 168.9 ms (95% CI 166.2-171.1) vs 163.8 ms (95% CI 160.7-166.9) respectively, p=0.019. Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) was also found to be thinner among SPMS in comparison to PPMS patients: mean 83.4 μm (95% CI 81.4-85.4) vs 87.0 μm (95% CI 84.4-89.6), p=0.040, with similar results for Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer (GCIPL). Considering the evolution over time of functional and structural parameters, we found no significant differences comparing PPMS and SPMS patients. Reclassifying our cohort according to EDSS status (“stable” vs “worsened”) we found a significant between-groups difference in terms of RNFL evolution: mean annualized percent change -0.163 %/year (95% CI -0.467 - -0.141) vs -0.854 %/year (95% CI -1.188 - -0.521) respectively, p=0.003. Similar findings were obtained for GCIPL change. In both cases, these observations were independent from the evidence of MRI activity during follow-up.

Conclusions

our results suggest the presence of a greater functional and structural involvement of the visual system among SPMS compared to PPMS patients, independently from previous ON history; follow-up data suggest however neurodegeneration accrual over time to be similar between these two clinical subgroups. The longitudinal relation between RNFL - GCIPL thinning and EDSS worsening, even in the absence of overt MRI activity and/or clinical relapses, suggests OCT to represent a useful tool to monitor disease progression and to assess neuroprotection in PMS.

Collapse
COVID-19 Late Breaking Abstracts

SS02.04 - First results of the COVID-19 in MS Global Data Sharing Initiative suggest anti-CD20 DMTs are associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes

Abstract

Background

As the COVID-19 pandemic amplifies, efforts to minimise the risk on vulnerable people are essential. People with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be a vulnerable group due to the high proportion taking long-term immunosuppressive disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). Studies from Italy and France suggest older age, higher disability and progressive MS are associated with severe COVID-19, yet there remains uncertainty around the influence of DMTs.

Objectives

Given the many approved MS DMTs and the relatively low frequency of COVID-19 in MS patients per country, international data sharing is desirable to examine the impact of DMTs on COVID-19 severity. Here, we present the first results of the COVID-19 in MS global data sharing initiative of the MS International Federation and MS Data Alliance and many other data partners to inform MS clinical management during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods

Clinician-reported data from 21 countries were aggregated into a dataset of 1540 patients. Characteristics of admission to hospital, admission to intensive care unit (ICU), need for artificial ventilation, and death, were assessed in patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 infection using log-binomial regression. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) were calculated adjusting for age, sex, MS type, and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS).

Results

Of 1540 patients, 476 (30.9%) with suspected and 776 (50.4%) with confirmed COVID-19 were included in the analysis. Older age, progressive MS and higher EDSS were associated with higher frequencies of severe outcomes. Anti-CD20 DMTs, ocrelizumab and rituximab, were positively associated with hospital admission (aPRs=1.19 & 1.58), ICU admission (aPRs=3.53 & 4.12), and the need for artificial ventilation (aPRs=3.17 & 7.27) compared to dimethyl fumarate. Higher frequencies of all three outcomes were associated with combined anti-CD20 DMT use compared to all other DMTs (hospitalisation aPR=1.49; ICU aPR=2.55; ventilation aPR=3.05) and compared to natalizumab (hospitalisation aPR=1.99; ICU aPR=2.39; ventilation aPR=2.84). Importantly, associations persisted on restriction to confirmed COVID-19 cases and upon exclusion of each contributing data source in turn. No associations were observed between DMTs and death.

Conclusions

This study used the largest federated international cohort of people with MS and COVID19 currently available. We demonstrate a consistent association of anti-CD20 DMTs with hospitalisation, ICU admission and use of artificial ventilation suggesting their use among MS patients at risk for COVID-19 exposure may be a risk factor for more severe COVID-19 disease. To address study limitations, further research incorporating comorbidities, smoking and body mass index is required. Alternative study designs are needed to address questions on COVID-19 susceptibility among people with MS.

Collapse
Pediatric MS Oral Presentation

YI02.05 - Cognition and socio-professional attainment in paediatric onset multiple sclerosis: a reappraisal after 10 years

Abstract

Background

Cognitive impairment (CI) affects nearly 30% of paediatric patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and has a negative impact on school performance and participation in social activities. This study is a re-appraisal of cognitive functioning and socio-professional attainment in adulthood in an Italian cohort of paediatric MS patients after 10 years from baseline neuropsychological assessment.

Objectives

To re-assess cognitive performance and its impact on socio-professional attainment in our cohort of paediatric MS patients after 10 years from baseline evaluation and to determine predictors of the individual outcomes.

Methods

Sixty-three paediatric patients were assessed at baseline and 48 followed-up after five years. To date, 31 out of these 48 patients (17 females, mean age 27.9±2.5 years, mean EDSS 1.7±1.6) were reassessed on an extensive neuropsychological battery and compared with a matched group of 31 healthy controls. CI was defined as the failure of > 2 tests. Socio-professional attainment was evaluated on the Work and Social Assessment Scale (WSAS). Predictors of CI and WSAS score were assessed through multivariable logistic and linear models.

Results

After a mean follow-up of 12.5±2.3 years, 15 (54%) subjects were classified as cognitively impaired. Patients with CI compared with those cognitively preserved at follow-up had higher Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score (1.9±1.4 vs 1.0±0.7; p = 0.046), lower baseline intelligence quotient (IQ) (86.2±23.8 vs 103.6±14.7; p = 0.025) and were less frequently treated with disease modifying therapy (DMT) at baseline [6 (35.3%) vs 11 (78.6%); p = 0.016]. In the regression model, CI after 10 years was related to lower IQ (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.87-0.99, p = 0. 027) and absence of DMT at baseline assessment (OR 17.78 95%; 1.72-183.65, p = 0.017).

Baseline predictors of worse socio-professional attainment on the WSAS in adulthood were CI (B=6.3, p=0.016), higher EDSS (B=2.2, p=0.023) and higher age at onset (B=0.6, p=0.041). As for 10-year correlates, only CI was associated to poor functional outcome (B=5.2, p=0.006).

Conclusions

Complete data collection is ongoing; available findings to date show that in paediatric onset subjects CI remains significant in adulthood, is related to lower cognitive reserve, higher levels of neurological impairment and delay in DMT initiation. Moreover, CI plays a key role in predicting the subject social performance and professional outcome. Early treatment and promotion of strategies aimed at enhancing cognitive reserve are recommended in paediatric patients with MS.

Collapse

Author Of 15 Presentations

COVID-19 Late Breaking Abstracts

LB1234 - COVID-19 infections in NMOSD and MOGAD: a population based study (ID 2114)

Speakers
Presentation Number
LB1234
Presentation Topic
COVID-19

Abstract

Background

SARS-COV-2 pandemic poses an imminent threat to humanity and in particular in those people suffering chronic diseases. Immune-mediated disease, as NMOSD and MOGAD, could be at a higher risk of severe forms of COVID-19 both for the disease itself and for immunosuppressive treatments.

Objectives

To evaluate the prevalence and severity of COVID-19 infection in the NMOSD/MOGAD population in Italy and evaluate possibily risk factors for disease outcomes.

Methods

The MS Study Group of the Italian Neurological Society has set up a proactive programme to provide information about COVID-19 in NMOSD/MOGAD patients, using a semistructured survey.

Results

569 NMOSD/MOGAD patients from 40 Italian MS Centres have been censored for COVID-19.

68% (387/569) of the patients were treated with rituximab, 16% (91/569) with azathioprine, 4.4% (25/569) with tocilizumab, 5.4% (31/569) with other therapies and 6.2% (35/569) were untreated or without information.

8/569 patients (1.4%) were diagnosed having confirmed or highly suspected COVID-19: positive rhino-pharyngeal swabs for SARS-CoV-2 were found in 4 out of 6 tested patients.

At the time of data collection, 6 patients recovered, 1 was still hospitalised and, unfortunately, 1 died. Hospitalisation was required for 3 patients.

5/8 (68%) patients were treated with rituximab. There was no evidence of any difference of such a percentage with the one of the overall population (OR=0.78, 95%CI=0.18-3.31, p=0.74).

COVID-19 infection was classified mild in 5, severe in 2 and critical in 1. The main experienced symptoms were fever, cough, fatigue and shortness of breath. 5/8 patients experienced CNS symptoms as headache (3), dizziness (1), anosmia (1) and delirium (1).

Conclusions

1) the prevalence of COVID-19 infection appears low in NMOSD/MOGAD patients (1.9%) with a mortality rate similar to that of the general italian population (12.5% vs 14.3%);

2) no other risk factors for severe course of COVID-19 than those already known emerge;

3) the baseline use of biologics, and in particular anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, is not associated with a higher risk of COVID-19 infection and apparently not with worse COVID-19 outcomes

Even if preliminary, these findings suggest a cautious optimism in the care of these autoimmune conditions during the pandemic phase.

The MS Study Group: M Inglese, A Di Sapio, D Vecchio, P Cavalla, A Protti, M Radaelli, S Malagu', A Gajofatto, D Landi, G Marfia, MP Amato, A Lugaresi, C Scandellari, S Bonavita, P Perini, F Rinaldi, D Centonze, S Di Lemme, P Immovilli, U Aguglia, M Zaffaroni, S Montepietra, L Moiola, M Filippi, MT Ferro', M Salvetti, MC Buscarinu, F Granella, M Dotta, M Mirabella, M Lucchini, G De Luca, C Tortorella, C Gasperini, G Maniscalco, D Ferraro, E Cocco, R Bergamaschi, M Ulivelli, P Valentino, M Falcini, L Brambilla, G Lus, M De Riz, M Trojano, P Ragonese, A Bertolotto

Collapse
Clinical Outcome Measures Poster Presentation

P0024 - Alemtuzumab slowed brain atrophy over 6 years in patients without relapse and MRI disease activity: post hoc analysis of the pooled CARE-MS studies (ID 784)

Abstract

Background

Over 2 years in the CARE-MS trials (NCT00530348; NCT00548405), alemtuzumab (12 mg/day; baseline (BL): 5 days; 12 months later: 3 days) significantly improved clinical and MRI outcomes versus subcutaneous interferon beta-1a (SC IFNB-1a) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Alemtuzumab efficacy was maintained through a 4-year extension study (NCT00930553), wherein patients could receive additional 3-day courses (≥12 months apart, as needed for disease activity) or receive other disease-modifying therapy per investigator’s discretion.

Objectives

To evaluate post hoc the effects of alemtuzumab on brain atrophy over 6 years in CARE-MS patients without relapses and MRI disease activity.

Methods

Analysis included pooled CARE-MS patients with or without disease activity between BL and Year 1 or BL and Year 2. Absence of disease activity was defined as no BL gadolinium (Gd)-enhancing T1 lesions and no clinical relapses or MRI disease activity (new Gd-enhancing or new/enlarging T2 lesions) from Years 0-1 or Years 0-2 (Definition 1). A second definition had the additional criterion of no relapse within 60 days before BL (Definition 2). Brain atrophy was measured by brain parenchymal fraction (BPF); differences in the median annualized percent change in BPF were assessed using ranked ANCOVA adjusted for region and BL BPF.

Results

Compared with SC IFNB-1a, alemtuzumab reduced median annualized percent change in BPF in patients free of disease activity during Years 0-1 (Definition 1: -0.37% vs -0.61%, P=0.006; Definition 2: -0.36% vs -0.54%, P=0.024) or Years 0-2 (Definition 1: -0.27% vs -0.44%, P=0.014; Definition 2: -0.28% vs -0.41%, P=0.045). Median annualized percent change in BPF was reduced with alemtuzumab versus SC IFNB-1a in patients with disease activity in Years 0-1 (-0.61% vs -0.79%, P=0.005) or Years 0-2 (-0.40% vs -0.56%, P<0.0001). Over 6 years, brain volume loss (BVL) was slower in patients without disease activity who initiated alemtuzumab at core study BL (-1.66%) than in those who received SC IFNB-1a in the core studies and initiated alemtuzumab in the extension (-2.05%).

Conclusions

Brain atrophy was reduced with alemtuzumab compared with SC IFNB-1a in patients without disease activity over 2 years. A slower rate of BVL was maintained through Year 6 in patients without disease activity who received alemtuzumab in the core study compared with SC IFNB-1a, suggesting alemtuzumab may slow neurodegeneration associated with BVL.

STUDY SUPPORT: Sanofi.

Collapse
Clinical Outcome Measures Poster Presentation

P0031 - Asymptomatic anterior optic pathway involvement in early multiple sclerosis and clinically isolated syndromes (ID 1838)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0031
Presentation Topic
Clinical Outcome Measures

Abstract

Background

Optical coherence tomography is gaining increasing relevance in the assessment of people with multiple sclerosis. Converging evidence point to the view that neuro-retinal changes, in eyes without acute optic neuritis, reflect inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes taking place throughout the CNS.

Objectives

The present study aims at exploring the usefulness of optical coherence tomography as a marker of inflammation and disease burden in the earliest phases of the disease.

Methods

a cohort of 150 consecutive patients underwent clinical, neurophysiological and brain MRI assessment as well as lumbar puncture as part of their diagnostic workup for a neurological episode suggestive of inflammatory CNS disorder. For the present study, patients also received a visual pathway assessment - including OCT, VEP, visual acuity testing –, measurement of CSF inflammatory markers – a set of 17 cytokines-chemokines and, count of extracellular vesicles of myeloid origin –, and dosage of serum neurofilaments.

Results

19.2% of clinically isolated syndromes had abnormal visual evoked potentials in eyes without optic neuritis. Similarly, optical coherence tomography identified neuro-retinal thinning in 17.8% of patients without prior visual symptoms. The presence of asymptomatic involvement of the anterior optic pathway tested with either techniques was associated with a greater disease burden.

A thinner ganglion cell layer in eyes without prior optic neuritis or instrumental evidences of it was correlated with higher EDSS, lower low contrast visual acuity, longer disease duration, higher brain lesion load, presence of gadolinium enhancing lesions, more severe abnormalities along motor and somatosensory evoked potentials, and higher frequency of CSF-specific oligoclonal bands.

We also found that inner nuclear layer thickens in a post-acute (1.1 – 3.7 months) phase after a relapse, particularly in those who did not receive steroid treatment. Likewise, a longitudinal analysis on 65 patients, showed that this swelling is transient and returns to normal values after one year of follow-up. Notwithstanding, the clinical, MRI, serological and CSF markers of disease activity considered in the study were strictly associated with one-another but none of them was associated with inner nuclear layer volume.

Conclusions

The present findings suggest that instrumental evidence of asymptomatic optic nerve involvement is associated with a greater disease burden in early MS and clinically isolated syndrome. Neuro-retinal changes are present since the earliest phases of the disease and yield important information regarding the neurodegenerative and inflammatory processes occurring in the CNS.

Collapse
Biomarkers and Bioinformatics Poster Presentation

P0032 - Baseline serum Neurofilament light chain levels predict conversion to McDonald 2005 MS within 2 yrs of a first clinical demyelinating event in REFLEX (ID 1096)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0032
Presentation Topic
Biomarkers and Bioinformatics

Abstract

Background

Serum Neurofilament light chain (sNfL) is a biomarker of neuronal damage, reflecting disease activity, drug response, and is predictive of future disability in established multiple sclerosis (MS).

Objectives

Post hoc analysis to assess whether baseline (Month [M] 0) sNfL concentration can predict conversion to McDonald (McD) 2005 MS in patients (pts) with a first clinical demyelinating event (FCDE) receiving subcutaneous interferon β-1a (scIFNβ-1a) once (qw) or three (tiw) times weekly, or placebo (PBO) in the phase 3 trial REFLEX.

Methods

Pts randomized to scIFNβ-1a tiw (n=171) or qw (n=175), or PBO (n=171) were followed-up over 2 yrs; converters to 'clinically definite MS' switched to open label scIFNβ-1a tiw. High and low M0 sNfL subgroups were defined by median sNfL concentration (26.1 pg/ml at M0). Median (95% confidence intervals [CI]) time to McD MS (days) by treatment group and M0 sNfL subgroup was calculated by Kaplan Meier. Hazard ratios (HR; 95% CI) to determine factors influencing risk of conversion to McD MS were calculated using a univariate Cox’s proportional hazard model. A stepwise multivariate Cox’s proportional hazard model was performed using factors selected from the univariate model (threshold P<0.15). For both models, variable selection was based on a two-sided Wald test.

Results

High sNfL levels at baseline correlated with the likelihood for conversion to McD MS (low vs high M0 sNfL, HR [95% CI]: 0.58 [0.47; 0.72], P<0.001). Other baseline factors that reduced the risk of conversion to McD MS (univariate model) included: classification of FCDE (mono- vs multifocal: 0.68 [0.55; 0.83], P<0.001) and low numbers of MRI lesions (number of T2 lesions: 1.02 [1.02; 1.03], P<0.001; number of T1 gadolinium-enhancing [Gd+] lesions: 1.14 [1.11; 1.17], P<0.001; number of T1 hypointense lesions: 1.04 [1.02; 1.05]; P<0.001). Furthermore, treatment with scIFNβ-1a tiw (vs PBO: 0.53 [0.41; 0.69], P<0.001) or qw (0.71 [0.56; 0.91], P=0.006) reduced the risk of conversion to McD MS. These findings were confirmed by multivariate models for baseline sNfL subgroup (P=0.024), classification of FCDE (P<0.001), most baseline imaging findings (number of T2 lesions, number of T1 Gd+ lesions; (P≤0.001), and on-study treatment (both P<0.001).

Conclusions

Among other factors, baseline sNfL concentration was identified as a predictor of conversion to McD MS in patients with a FCDE.

Collapse
Clinical Outcome Measures Poster Presentation

P0060 - Descriptive study on recruitment effort for a remote monitoring study in Multiple Sclerosis: RADAR study (ID 1529)

Abstract

Background

There is a growing body of literature highlighting the role that wearable and mobile remote monitoring technology (RMT) can play in the assessment of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and how it could improve clinical care and improve efficiency of research.

The Remote Assessment of Disease and Relapse in the Central Nervous System (RADAR-CNS) study is a pan-European consortium aimed to improve the management of different CNS disorders such as MS, Epilepsy or Major Depression using smartphones and wearable devices.

Most of the available data are based in small monocentric studies, however the full validation of these digital devices requires multicenter, well designed studies providing information on feasibility and acceptability.

Objectives

We aimed to describe the outcomes of the recruitment process in the Multiple Sclerosis (MS) RADAR-CNS disability and fatigue study (D&F).

Methods

The study was run in three European centers. Main eligibility criteria for D&F study were patients with relapsing-reminting or secondary progressive MS with an EDSS score between 2.0 and 6.0. Passive and active data were continuously collected through wearables (FitBit) and mobile phones (Android) and compared to the on-site visit every 3 months. The study duration is 2 years. The study sample size was 400 patients.

Results

The enrolment of the D&F study extended for a period of 18 months. We identified 4094 potential candidates (min-max 885-1789). At the end of the recruitment period, 678 (16.6%; min-max 0-24.2%) remained in the pre-screening phase. 3416 (min-max 885-1454) patients were assessed for eligibility. Out of those, 2372 (69.4%; min-max 53.3-87.1%) were excluded for not fulfilling the eligibility criteria: 1520 (64.1%; 15.0-87.1%) did not meet the EDSS score, 254 (10.7%; 0.2-49.6%) would not be suitable in the investigators opinion and 598 (25.2%; 3.0-60.3) did not have an Android. Out of the 1044 (30.6%; 12.9-46.7) eligible candidates, 644 (61.7%; 13.8-79.7%) declined to participate. A total of 400 (90-162) patients, 9.8% of the potential candidates, were enrolled into the study.

Conclusions

Our study illustrates the primary challenges in recruiting MS patients in RMT studies related to eligibility, both clinical and technological criteria, followed by reasons related to patients preferences. There is variability in the recruitment approach between centers. In future studies, developing technology for all types of phones and more attractive assessment for patients should be considered.

Collapse
Clinical Outcome Measures Poster Presentation

P0095 - Intracortical motor conduction is associated with dexterity in progressive multiple sclerosis (ID 1841)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0095
Presentation Topic
Clinical Outcome Measures

Abstract

Background

Hand dexterity dysfunction is a key feature of disability in people with progressive multiple sclerosis (PMS). It underlies corticospinal tract (CST) and cerebellar integrity but also disruption of cortical networks, which are hardly assessed by standard techniques. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a promising tool for evaluating the integrity of intracortical motor pathways.

Objectives

to investigate neurophysiological correlates of motor hand impairment in PMS and assess intracortical motor conduction through the use of a innovative TMS protocol.

Methods

Antero-posterior (AP) stimulation of the primary motor cortex activates the CST indirectly through polysynaptic pathways, while a direct CST activation occurs with latero-medial (LM) directed current. 30 PMS and 15 healthy controls underwent dominant hand motor evoked potentials (MEP) using AP and LM-directed stimulation, and a clinical assessment of dexterity (nine-hole peg test) and strength (MRC scale, grip and pinch).

Results

PMS with AP-LM latency difference 2.5 standard deviation above the mean of controls (33%) showed worse dexterity but no difference in upper limb strength. Accordingly, AP-LM latency shortening predicted dexterity (R2 0.538, p<0.001), but not strength impairment. On the contrary, absolute MEP latencies only correlated with strength (grip: R2 0.381, p=0.014; MRC: R2 0.184, p=0.041).

Conclusions

AP-LM latency shortening may be used to assess the integrity polysynaptic intracortical networks implicated in dexterity impairment.

Collapse
Biomarkers and Bioinformatics Poster Presentation

P0118 - Neurofilament light chain concentration predicts risk of relapse in participants with relapsing multiple sclerosis in phase 3 ozanimod trials (ID 1211)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0118
Presentation Topic
Biomarkers and Bioinformatics

Abstract

Background

In patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), neurofilament light chain concentration (NfL-c) is increased in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Plasma and CSF NfL-c correlate and may serve as a biomarker for neurologic damage and disease activity in relapsing MS (RMS). Ozanimod, a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 and 5 modulator, reduced annualized relapse rate (ARR) and plasma NfL-c (pNfL-c) vs interferon β-1a (IFN) in phase 3 RMS trials.

Objectives

To expand upon previously reported data showing that baseline (BL) pNfL-c predicts risk of on-treatment relapse, we analyzed the relationship between changes in pNfL-c and on-treatment risk of relapse with ozanimod vs IFN.

Methods

In this exploratory, post hoc analysis, pNfL-c was measured at BL and after 12 and 24 months of treatment with oral ozanimod 0.46 or 0.92 mg/d or intramuscular IFN β-1a 30 µg/wk in the phase 3 SUNBEAM (NCT02294058; ≥12 mo) and RADIANCE (NCT02047734; 24 mo) trials. The effect of treatment on pNfL-c was assessed, as were the relationships between BL pNfL-c and relapse rate and pNfL-c change from BL and ARR. NfL data are reported as median percentage change from BL. Poisson generalized linear models were used to fit the number of relapses as a function of BL pNfL-c and treatment group with an offset for duration. We calculated a predictive model of expected ARR based on median percentage change from BL in pNfL-c.

Results

At end of treatment, median pNfL-c was significantly reduced from BL by 20‒23% (P<0.01) and 23‒27% (P≤0.0001) with ozanimod 0.46 and 0.92 mg, respectively, and by 13‒15% with IFN. Higher BL p-NfL-c was associated with an increase in number of relapses (P<0.0001). Over a 12-month period, participants treated with either dose of ozanimod had significantly fewer relapses than those treated with IFN (P<0.05); the greatest effect was observed with ozanimod 0.92 mg. Further analyses reveal that treatment groups associated with a greater median reduction from BL pNfL-c are also associated with lower ARR. Predictive modeling estimated that a 25% reduction in pNfL-c, similar to that observed with ozanimod 0.92 mg, predicts an ARR (standard error [SE]) of 0.18‒0.23 (0.4); a 13% reduction, which was similar to that observed with IFN, predicts an ARR (SE) of 0.29‒0.37 (0.04).

Conclusions

Our findings further support pNfL-c as a biomarker for RMS disease activity. BL pNfL-c is related to relapse rate, as are changes in pNfL-c during treatment. Ozanimod causes dose-dependent reductions in pNfL-c and ARR compared with IFN.

Collapse
Clinical Trials Poster Presentation

P0217 - Long-term safety and efficacy of ozanimod in relapsing multiple sclerosis in DAYBREAK: an open-label extension study of ozanimod phase 1−3 trials (ID 991)

Abstract

Background

Ozanimod, an oral sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 and 5 modulator, is approved in the US and EU for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS).

Objectives

To characterize the long-term safety and efficacy of ozanimod in participants with RMS in an ongoing open-label extension (OLE) trial.

Methods

Participants with RMS who completed a phase 1, 2, or 3 ozanimod clinical trial were eligible to enroll in DAYBREAK (NCT02576717), where they received ozanimod 0.92 mg/d (equivalent to ozanimod HCl 1 mg). The primary objective was to evaluate safety in the overall population; treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAE) were monitored. Efficacy was evaluated with annualized relapse rate (ARR), calculated via negative binomial regression and pooled for all parent-trial treatment groups. Number of new/enlarging T2 and gadolinium-enhancing (GdE) MRI brain lesions were reported for the subset of participants who entered the OLE from an active-controlled phase 3 trial.

Results

In total, 2639 participants completed the parent trials; this interim analysis (data cut 20 December 2019) included 2494 participants with mean (range) ozanimod exposure of 35.4 (0.03–50.2) months in the OLE. Adjusted ARR in the OLE was 0.112 (95% confidence interval, 0.093‒0.135). At months 24 and 36, 79% and 75% of participants, respectively, were relapse free in the OLE. Three- and 6-month confirmed disability progression was observed in 10.8% and 8.6% of participants in the OLE, respectively. Mean number of new/enlarging T2 lesions per scan at 24 months was similar, regardless of parent-trial treatment group (range, 1.57–1.90), as were mean number of GdE lesions at month 24 (range, 0.2 ‒0.4). In the OLE, 2039 participants (81.8%) had any TEAE, 236 (9.5%) had a serious TEAE (SAE), and 56 (2.2%) discontinued due to a TEAE. Similar rates of TEAEs and SAEs occurred when assessed by parent-trial treatment group. The most common TEAEs were nasopharyngitis (17.9%), headache (14%), upper respiratory tract infection (9.9%), and lymphopenia (9.6%). TEAEs were generally similar to parent trial observations. There were no serious opportunistic infections. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates of TEAEs and SAEs have decreased over time.

Conclusions

In DAYBREAK, ozanimod was associated with low ARR and low new/enlarging T2 and GdE lesion counts over time. Most participants were relapse free and did not experience disability progression. Ozanimod was generally well tolerated and no new safety concerns emerged with long-term use.

Collapse
Clinical Trials Poster Presentation

P0219 - Ocrelizumab Phase IIIb efficacy from CASTING: 2-year NEDA (MRI re-baselined) subgroup rates in RRMS patients with a suboptimal response to prior DMTs (ID 974)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0219
Presentation Topic
Clinical Trials

Abstract

Background

Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) often experience disease activity despite receiving a disease-modifying therapy (DMT). The Phase IIIb CASTING study (NCT02861014) of ocrelizumab evaluated the efficacy/safety in patients with RRMS who had a prior suboptimal response to one or two DMTs (primary endpoint: 2-year no evidence of disease activity [NEDA] rate).

Objectives

To evaluate CASTING 2-year NEDA outcomes by inclusion criteria, baseline characteristics and prior DMT.

Methods

Patients (Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] score ≤4.0; discontinued prior DMT of ≥6 months’ duration due to suboptimal disease control) received intravenous ocrelizumab 600 mg every 24 weeks for 96 weeks. The primary endpoint of NEDA (with prespecified MRI re-baselining at Week 8) was defined as absence of: protocol-defined relapses, 24-week confirmed disability progression, T1‑weighted contrast-enhancing and new/enlarging T2-weighted lesions over 2 years.

Results

A total of 680 patients were evaluated (female, 64%; mean [SD] baseline EDSS score, 2.1 [1.1]; pretreated with one or two DMTs, including orals and injectables, n=411 [60.4%]/n=269 [39.6%]; enrolled due to activity of: MRI only, n=167 [24.6%]; relapse only, n=238 [35.0%]; MRI and relapse, n=275 [40.4%]). After 2 years, 74.8% (n/N=492/658) of patients had NEDA (with MRI re-baselined at Week 8). The NEDA rate was highest among patients enrolled due to MRI activity alone (80.6%) versus enrollment for relapse (75.1%) or relapse with MRI (70.5%). NEDA rates across disease-related subgroups were highest in the subgroups of baseline EDSS score <2.5 (77.2%), ≤1 relapse prior to enrollment (78.2%) and the event leading to enrollment occurring ≥6 months prior to study entry (75.8%) versus the counterpart subgroups of EDSS score ≥2.5 (70.8%), >1 relapse prior to enrollment (66.3%) and the event leading to enrollment occurring <6 months prior to entry (71.0%). The NEDA rate did not vary by baseline age (≤40 years, 74.7%; >40 years, 75.0%). NEDA rates were higher in patients receiving one prior DMT (77.6%) versus two prior DMTs (70.3%) and remained generally high when stratified by the last prior DMT received before enrollment: interferons, 81.1%; glatiramer acetate, 73.9%; dimethyl fumarate, 73.8%; teriflunomide 69.8%; fingolimod, 68.9%.

Conclusions

The NEDA rate was high overall and across a wide range of disease-related and demographic subgroups, regardless of prior treatment background.

Collapse
Diagnostic Criteria and Differential Diagnosis Poster Presentation

P0247 - Comparison of the 2017 and 2010 revisions of the McDonald criteria in patients with cis suggestive of MS: a multicentre MAGNIMS study (ID 1121)

Abstract

Background

In 2017, a revision of the 2010 McDonald criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients has been proposed. However, its validation in a large multicenter cohort of CIS patients is still needed.

Objectives

To compare the performance of 2017 and 2010 revisions of the McDonald criteria with respect to MS development in a large multicentric cohort of CIS suggestive of MS.

Methods

Brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination obtained ≤5 months from CIS onset and a follow-up brain MRI acquired ≤15 months from CIS onset were assessed in 626 CIS patients from 9 European MS centres. The occurrence of a second clinical attack (clinically definite [CD] MS) was recorded. Performances of the 2017 and 2010 revisions of McDonald criteria for dissemination in space (DIS), time (DIT) and DIS plus DIT, also including OCB assessment, were evaluated with a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Median time to MS diagnosis for the different sets of criteria was estimated through Kaplan-Meier curves.

Results

At the last evaluation (median=61.9 months [IQR=39.1-102.5]), 319 (51%) of 626 patients had CDMS. At 36 months, for DIS, the 2017 MRI criteria had higher sensitivity (0.84 [95% CI=0.79-0.88] vs 0.77 [0.72-0.82]), lower specificity (0.33 [0.28-0.39] vs 0.40 [0.35-0.46]), and similar area under the curve values (AUC, 0.59 [0.55-0.62] for both). The 2017 DIS plus DIT MRI criteria had higher sensitivity (0.68 [0.63-0.74] vs 0.62 [0.56-0.68]), lower specificity (0.55 [0.49-0.61] vs 0.62 [0.56-0.68]), and similar AUC values (0.62 [0.58-0.66] for both). CSF-specific OCB assessment as part of the 2017 criteria revision, increased the sensitivity (0.81 [0.75-0.85]), decreased specificity (0.40 [0.34-0.46]) and preserved AUC values (0.60 [0.56-0.64]). Median time to MS diagnosis was earlier with the 2017 revision compared to the 2010 or CDMS criteria, especially with OCB assessment (2017 revision with OCBs=3.6 months [3.1-4.0], 2017 revision without OCB=11.6 months [7.8-13.5], 2010 revision=13.9 months [12.4-15.3], CDMS=56.3 months [43.8-76.0]).

Conclusions

The 2017 revision of the McDonald criteria showed overall similar accuracy to the 2010 McDonald criteria in predicting CDMS development. The suggested modifications are expected to simplify the clinical use of MRI criteria without reducing accuracy and allow an earlier diagnosis of MS.

Collapse
Epidemiology Poster Presentation

P0506 - Towards a validated Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis definition: A study from the Italian MS Register (ID 1432)

Abstract

Background

No clear metrics for sensitive and reliable identification of the transition from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) to secondary progressive (SP)MS are available.

Objectives

To compare diagnostic performances of two different data-driven Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis definitions.

Methods

patient with RRMS with a follow-up ≥5 years, with a current age ≥18 years, and with ≥3 EDSS scores recorded were selected from the Italian MS Registry. Annual incidence of SPMS conversion was reported as number of patients converting to SP every 100 patients/year. Three different SPMS definitions have been used. Data-driven definitions based on the Lorscheider’s algorithm (LA) and on the EXPAND trial inclusion criteria were validated, using the neurologist’s definition as gold standard, in terms of calibration, discrimination and goodness of fit by calculating: sensitivity, specificity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV), Negative Predictive Value (NPV), the Akaike information criterion (AIC), the Area Under the Curve (AUC). The overall calibration of the data-driven definitions was evaluated by the Calibration Slope test.

Results

a cohort of 10,240 RRMS patients was extracted from the Italian MS Registry. According to the neurologist judgment, 880 (8.59%) patients were classified as SPMS in the dataset. By applying the LA and the EXPAND definition, 1,806 (17.64%) and 1,134 (11.07%) patients, respectively, were classified as SPMS. The annual rate of SP conversion during the follow-up was 0.74 every 100 patients/year based on the neurologist’s definition, 1.57 every 100 patients/year using the LA and 0.94 every 100 patients/year applying the EXPAND definition. Both the data-driven definitions were well calibrated, with a p-value of the Calibration Slope test higher than 0.05 (LA=0.55; EXPAND definition=0.57). The AIC (LA=4301; EXPAND definition=5510) and the R-Square (LA=0.15 vs EXPAND definition=0.05), were in favor of the LA. The LA showed a greater discrimination power (AUC: 0.83 vs 0.65) and a higher sensitivity (77.1% vs 38.0%) in comparison to the EXPAND definition. Both definitions showed similar specificity (88.0% vs 91.5%). The PPV and the NPV were both higher using the LA than those obtained by the EXPAND definition (37.5% vs 29.5%; 97.6% vs 94.0%, respectively).

Conclusions

An accurate definition of SP transition is needed for a timely and efficacious treatment of SPMS patients. Real-world data from the Italian MS Registry suggests that data-driven definitions had a greater ability to capture SP transition than neurologist’s definition and that the global accuracy of LA seems to be higher than a definition based on the EXPAND trial inclusion criteria.

Collapse
Neuro-Ophthalmology Poster Presentation

P0770 - Serum neurofilaments predict recovery after acute optic neuritis (ID 1885)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0770
Presentation Topic
Neuro-Ophthalmology

Abstract

Background

Optic neuritis is an immune-mediated disease of the optic nerve, strongly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Although the visual prognosis of optic neuritis is generally favourable, the degree of remission varies considerably. The degree of clinical remission is associated with the degree of optic nerve axonal loss, that can be quantified accurately by Optic Coeherence Tomography (OCT). Neurofilament light chain (NfL) is part of the axonal cytoskeletal neurofilaments and is released upon immune-mediated axonal damage during optic neuritis and MS.

Objectives

We aimed to investigate if NfL levels sampled close after symptom onset would predict the outcome after optic neuritis.

Methods

We included 31 patients with optic neuritis as a first demyelinating episode. Patients underwent visual tests, OCT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and lumbar puncture. NfL levels were measured through use of a Simoa HD-1 instrument (Quanterix). Longitudinal changes in inter-ocular difference in visual acuity and OCT parameters were chosen as primary outcome measures of visual loss to account for their inter-individual variability. Multilevel mixed effect models have been used to assess the prognostic factor of baseline NfL levels on longitudinal changes in visual outcomes.

Results

Results: patients (mean age 37.3 years, SD 8.7, 71% females) had a mean follow-up of 27.6 months (SD 12.3). The mean inter-ocular visual acuity difference decreased with the follow-up (baseline 2.8 SD 1.2, follow up 2.1 SD 1.5, p <0.05), while mean inter-ocular RNFL thickness difference significantly increased with time (3.2 SD 10.2 at baseline, 12.7 SD 15.2 at follow-up). Basel NfL levels above 75°ile were significantly associated with an increase in inter-ocular visual acuity difference (B 0.05 SE 0.02, p <0.01) and inter-ocular RNFL thickness difference (B 0.64 SE 0.20, p <0.01).

Conclusions

Conclusion: NfL is a promising biomarker of visual outcome after optic neuritis. This could aid neuroprotective/regenerative medical advancements.

Collapse
Neuroprotection, Regeneration and/or Remyelination Poster Presentation

P0783 - Neuromodulation through anodal tDCS promotes recovery of demyelination-induced motor impairments in cuprizone demyelination/remyelination mouse model (ID 1037)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P0783
Presentation Topic
Neuroprotection, Regeneration and/or Remyelination

Abstract

Background

In the cuprizone murine model of demyelination neurotoxin cuprizone is fed to mice, inducing death of oligodendrocytes and consequent central nervous system (CNS) demyelination, which leads to demyelination-associated behavioral impairments, occurring within 5-7 weeks, with spontaneous remyelination after 4 weeks of diet suspension. In vitro experiments have demonstrated that neuronal electrical activity, which can be modulated in vivo through transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), is able to promote axonal remyelination. Moreover, anodal tDCS ameliorated motor and cognitive impairments in several experimental models of neurological disorders, including stroke, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

Objectives

To explore the usefulness of tDCS to promote recovery of demyelination-associated behavioral impairments during the remyelinization phase.

Methods

Male wild-type C57BL/6 (n = 31) were fed cuprizone (n = 19) or control regular diet (n = 12) for 7 weeks, followed by regular diet for one more week. At cuprizone suspension, anodal (n = 10) or sham (n = 9) tDCS (350 microA, 20 min) was performed under sevoflurane anesthesia through epicranial electrodes for 5 consecutive days. Motor performance was assessed through rotarod and spatial working memory through spontaneous alternation T-maze on the last two days of cuprizone diet and on the two days after the last tDCS treatment.

Results

At the end of cuprizone diet, a significant worsening of rotarod motor performance was observed in cuprizone mice vs controls (p = 0.0005). No significant effects were found on T-maze. After neurostimulation, anodal tDCS led to a significant rescue of motor performance in cuprizone mice (post-tDCS vs pre-tDCS: p < 0.0001). After tDCS, motor performance of anodal-stimulated mice was significantly higher than the one of sham-stimulated mice (p = 0.004). While sham-stimulated mice were significantly impaired in comparison with healthy control mice (p = 0.030), anodal-stimulated mice were comparable to healthy mice (p = 0.326). Anodal, but not sham, tDCS rescued motor impairment of cuprizone mice (healthy: 231.8 sec; sham: 138 sec; anodal: 271.6 sec).

Conclusions

These findings reveal a promising role of anodal tDCS in promoting remyelination in the cuprizone model and prompt further experiments exploring the potential of this technique. Indeed, tDCS could represent an innovative, non invasive and easy to use remyelination-boosting treatment.

Supported by: Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla (FISM 2018/B/3).

Collapse
Rehabilitation and Comprehensive Care Poster Presentation

P1091 - Effect of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on motor recovery after rehabilitation in progressive MS (ID 1676)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P1091
Presentation Topic
Rehabilitation and Comprehensive Care

Abstract

Background

It is known that a single-nucleotide polymorphism mapping to the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) gene and resulting in the valine to methionine change (Val66Met or V66M), impacts memory, cognition and motor learning. Previous studies have shown that V66M polymorphism may exert a protective effect on grey matter atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients; however, its influence on motor recovery after rehabilitation is not known.

Objectives

To explore the possible influence of BDNF V66M polymorphism on motor recovery after rehabilitation in progressive MS subjects and to investigate the effect of two SNPs (rs2289656 and rs1212171) in NTRK2 gene, which encodes for BDNF receptor.

Methods

We retrospectively included in the study patients with primary progressive (PP) and secondary progressive (SP) MS, who were admitted to the Neurorehabilitation Unit and who had already available genetic data. The results of tests for gait (Six-minutes Walking Test, 6MWT; 10-Meters Test, 10MT) and hand dexterity (Nine-Hole Peg Test, 9HPT) were collected at baseline and after a 4-week inpatient rehabilitation program. We used ANCOVA models to explore the effects of the selected SNPs on the change of such clinical outcomes after rehabilitation, expressed as ratio values.

Results

100 patients (79 SP, 21 PP) with available clinical and genetic data were included in the study. Female:Male ratio was 1.27, mean age was 51±10 years and median EDSS score was 6.0 (range: 5.5-6.5). Sixty-eight patients were carriers of the more common genotype (GG), while the remaining were heterozygote (n=28) or homozygote (n=4) carriers of the V66M polymorphism (Met-carriers). Among 89 subjects with available data on 6MWT, Met-carriers showed greater improvement after rehabilitation if compared to GG patients (p=0.024; mean variation=0.16 [CI: 0.02-0.29]). SNPs in NTRK2 did not show any association with 6MWT change after rehabilitation neither alone, nor in interaction with V66M. As regards data on 10MT (n=42) and 9HPT (n=45), no associations were found for V66M or SNPs in NTRK2.

Conclusions

In the present pilot study, progressive MS patients carrying V66M polymorphism seem to have a greater improvement in walking performance at 6MWT after rehabilitation. These data need to be confirmed in larger and independent datasets, in order to better explore the effect of this polymorphism in MS patients undergoing intense rehabilitation program.

Collapse
Rehabilitation and Comprehensive Care Poster Presentation

P1096 - Evaluating Effects of Global Proprioceptive Resonance on Gait in Multiple Sclerosis with Kinetic and Electromyography  (ID 1871)

Speakers
Presentation Number
P1096
Presentation Topic
Rehabilitation and Comprehensive Care

Abstract

Background

Global proprioceptive resonance (GPR) mechanically induces multifocal vibration at specific frequency among various cutaneous mechanoreceptors. Preliminary results suggest that GPR can modulate neuromuscular and neuroendocrine systems, therefore it may improve muscle strength and facilitate Lactose metabolism. Therefore, GPR could be beneficial for patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) since muscle weakness is an important factor of their gait impairment.

Objectives

Here we evaluated the acute effects of a single GPR session on gait pattern in patients with MS using wearable sensors to quantitatively measure surface electromyography (sEMG) and body acceleration during walking.

Methods

Ten patients with MS(PwMS, 8 males; mean age: 48±9.1 years; mean EDSS: 5.9±0.74), in a randomized order, underwent 15 minutes GPR and sham session(Keope GPR, ANDROMEDA, Italy) with a week interval. Nine Hole Peg Test(9HPT) and 6-meter-walking-test(SMWT) were performed pre- and immediately after the sessions. During SMWT, surface EMG and body acceleration were recorded with a wearable accelerator and surface electrodes(BTS Bioengineering, Italy). The SMWT were performed with spontaneous(Vp) and maximum velocity(Vmax). Time of 9HPT, velocity, cadence, step length and Coactivation index(CoI) of MWT of pre- and post-GPR were calculated for further statistics.

Results

Compared with sham stimulus, significant improvement was found in 9HPT(p=.02) of the dominant hand after the active GPR session. For SMWT, increased velocity(p = .05) and cadence(p =.03) after active stimulus was found under Vp condition only, but not in the Vmax condition. No significant difference was found in other parameters.

Conclusions

Our preliminary results suggest that a single active GPR session can improve the motor performance in both upper and lower limbs. Our results suggest that GPR could boost muscle recovery and can be beneficial to be incorporated into rehabilitation protocols to ameliorate the fatigue level for PwMS.

Collapse