Author Of 2 Presentations
P0059 - Defining predictors of disease activity and worsening in multiple sclerosis: an analysis of the CombiRx trial (ID 828)
Disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS) is highly variable, and there are limited prospective studies on predictors of disease outcomes.
The aim of the study is to identify and assess clinical characteristics in MS that predict disease activity and progression.
The study population consisted of a prospective cohort of 1,008 patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) onset MS enrolled in the CombiRx trial. Cox regression analysis was used to determine hazard ratio (HR) associations between baseline (BL) demographics (age <38 vs. ≥38, sex, race), clinical history (number of relapses in prior year <3 vs. ≥3, disease duration, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)), and MRI metrics (presence or absence of gadolinium (Gd) and number of T2 lesions), and treatment (glatiramer acetate (GA), interferon-beta 1a (IFN), or combination therapy); with outcomes of time to first new disease activity over 7-years of follow-up including relapse, MRI activity defined by new combined unique active lesion, and disease worsening as defined by confirmed 6-month increase in EDSS.
1,008 participants were randomized, with 959 eligible for assessment of disease worsening and activity on follow-up MRI. Participants were median 38 (range 18, 61) years of age at baseline, 72.7% female, 88.3% Caucasian, 7.1% black/African American, mean 1.2 years since diagnosis, with median 2 relapses in the prior 12 months and median EDSS 2 (IQR 1, 2.5). Risk of relapse was higher in patients younger than 38 at BL vs. older (HR 1.36, 95% CI: 1.12,1.65) and with BL EDSS ≥3.5 vs. <3.5 (HR 1.66, 95% CI: 1.27, 2.14). Presence of Gd+ lesions at baseline was also associated with increased risk of relapse (HR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.14, 1.66). Risk of new MRI activity was higher in younger participants (HR 1.56, 95%CI: 1.34, 1.86) and those taking either single agent arms compared to the combination (GA: HR 1.48, 95%CI 1.22, 1.80; IFN: HR 1.43, 95%CI 1.18, 1.74). Similarly, higher preexisting lesion burden greater than the median lesion count with ≥71 T2 hyperintense lesions vs. <71 (HR 1.50, 95%CI 1.27, 1.78) and presence of BL Gd+ lesions (HR 1.75, 95%CI: 1.49, 2.06) were also associated with a higher risk of developing new MRI activity. Risk of disease worsening was higher for those with BL EDSS < 2 (HR 2.79, 95%CI 2.14, 3.67). There were no associations between sex and disease duration on clinical or radiological disease activity or worsening.
Both clinical and radiological disease activity are predicted by younger age and presence of Gd+ lesions. Additionally, relapses are also predicted by higher EDSS, and there is some protective evidence of the combination therapy in lowering risk of new MRI activity. Only baseline EDSS level was associated with disease worsening.
P0434 - Associations of depression and anxiety with disease-activity and disability in multiple sclerosis: an analysis of baseline participant characteristics from the CombiRx trial (ID 1176)
Depression and anxiety have increased prevalence in multiple sclerosis (MS). There are limited studies on associations of depression and anxiety with MS disease characteristics.
The aim of the study is to identify and quantify associations of depression and anxiety with MS disease activity and disability.
The study population included a prospective cohort of 1008 treatment-naïve participants with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS enrolled in the CombiRx trial. Entrance criteria included at least 2 relapses in the prior 2 years. Covariate adjusted linear regression analyses were conducted to determine associations and adjusted R-squared (R2) between baseline scores on three components of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Index (MSQLI): the Mental Health Inventory (MHI), Depression Subscale (MHD), and Anxiety Subscale (MHA), where lower scores indicated more severe symptoms on each component of the MSQLI subscale; with outcomes of baseline MS disease characteristics including Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and total MRI lesion volume (T1+T2). Kruskal-Wallace comparison was used to assess prior relapse frequency (0, 1-2, and 3 or more in prior 12 months) and median MSQLI measures.
Lower EDSS scores were associated with higher MHI scores (β = -0.31, R² = 0.1274, p <0.0001), higher MHA scores (β = -0.21, R² = 0.1060, p <0.0001), and higher MHD (β = -0.22, R² = 0.1096, p <0.0001), when adjusted for age and sex at baseline. Baseline MHA score was modestly associated with relapse frequency (p =0.043), with a median rank MHA score of 5 for 0 relapses, 4.6 for 1-2 relapses, and 4.6 for ≥3 relapses. Components of the MSQLI were not associated with MRI lesion volume.
Depression and anxiety in MS are associated with increased baseline EDSS disability. Of the three measures, only anxiety was associated with higher baseline relapse frequency. A follow-up analysis is planned to examine associations of depression and anxiety on longitudinal MS disease outcomes in the trial cohort.