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28P - Simultaneous unbiased and absolute quantification of a 500 protein panel in pancreatic cancer plasma using HRM mass spectrometry (ID 192)

Presentation Number
28P
Lecture Time
18:25 - 18:25
Speakers
  • H. Yu
Location
Hall Bordeaux, Palais des Congrès, Paris, France
Date
26.02.2019
Time
18:00 - 18:45
Authors
  • H. Yu
  • J. Vowinckel
  • C. Escher
  • D. Heinzmann
  • N. Dupuis

Abstract

Background

Recent studies have demonstrated of utility of quantifying circulating proteins for early disease detection, prediction of therapeutic response, and treatment monitoring. Although the utility is clear, standardization of measurement methods for a large number of proteins from plasma remains challenging. Here, plasma proteins are detected using hyper-reaction monitoring (HRM) mass spectrometry in samples from normal and pancreatic cancer subjects. The data is acquired and analyzed simultaneously with unbiased label-free quantification of all proteins and absolute quantification of proteins from a > 500-protein panel constructed from stable-isotope standard (SIS) peptides.

Methods

Plasma samples from subjects with Stage IV pancreatic cancer (PC, n = 6) and age matched healthy donors (n = 15) were prepared for mass spectrometry. Prior to analysis, a panel of SIS peptides, covering 582 plasma proteins, was spiked into each sample. All samples were acquired using nano-flow liquid chromatography with separation over a one-hour gradient coupled online to a Thermo Scientific Q Exactive HF mass spectrometer. Protein data was extracted using Spectronaut (Biognosys) and statistical analysis was conducted to identify disease associated biomarker candidates.

Results

Analysis of the PQ500 panel enabled absolute quantification of 282 proteins across all samples. Univariate statistical testing identified 29 candidate proteins (27 up- and 2 down-regulated; q-value > 0.05 and fold change > 1.5). Key dysregulated proteins include CRP, SAA1, and C9. With unbiased, label-free quantification, 414 proteins were quantified, with 87 significantly regulated. In addition to the acute phase protein candidates identified in the PQ500 panel, 12 adhesion related protein candidates were identified (e.g. TLN1, MYH9, TPM4), 9 of which were decreased in PC. Notably, membrane associated ICAM1 and VCAM1, both potential therapeutic targets, were increased in PC.

Conclusions

Combining PQ500 with unbiased label-free quantification enables comprehensive characterization of the plasma proteome, while at the same time providing absolute quantification for a large subset of well annotated, clinically relevant proteins.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Biognosys AG, Schlieren, Switzerland.

Funding

Biognosys AG, Schlieren, Switzerland.

Disclosure

H. Yu, J. Vowinckel, C. Escher, D. Heinzmann, N. Dupuis: Employee: Biognosys AG.

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