Author Of 5 Presentations
P0124 - Ocrelizumab treatment in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a single-center real-world experience (ID 1619)
ocrelizumab (OCR) treatment in pivotal trials of patients (pts) with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) was associated with high clinical efficacy and safety. However, real word data on efficacy and safety are still scarce
To provide first experience on patients with RRMS treated with OCR in a single center real-world setting (MS Center of University of Genoa)
We collected safety and efficacy data from pts with RRMS treated with OCR. The probability of disability worsening-free survival, relapse-free survival, MRI-activity free-survival and NEDA-3 status was calculated with the Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.
96 RRMS pts [60 females (62.5%), mean (SD) age 37.3 (10.2) years] with a mean disease duration (DD) of 9.6 (9.3) years, a median (IQR) baseline EDSS of 2.5 (2-4) and a mean ARR of 0.79 (0.73). Median (IQR) number of previous DMTs was 1 (0-2). The mean time from previous DMT discontinuation and OCR start of 209 (661) days. Reasons for previous DMTs discontinuation were (i) lack of efficacy for 45 (67%), (ii) occurrence of adverse events for 7 (10%) and (iii) high JCV titer during natalizumab treatment for 5 (7.5%) pts. 28 pts (29.5%) had not received any DMT prior to OCR. Naïve pts had significantly shorter disease duration (2.6 vs 12.5 years; p<0.0001), had higher ARR (1.1 vs 0.7; p=0.002) and more frequently exhibited inflammatory activity on baseline MRI scan (96.3% vs 74.6%; p=0.019). Mean follow-up (FU) was 1.4 (1.2) years.
At 1-year FU, MRI-inflammatory activity free survival was 75.9%, relapse free survival was 95.9%, progression free survival was 98.7%. 2-years NEDA-3 status was achieved in 73.6% of pts. At multivariate analyses, adjusting for DD, ARR and baseline MRI activity, 2-years NEDA-3 status was significantly higher in naïve compared with treated pts [90.7% versus 60.8% at the end of the observation period; HR (CI 95% ) 0.14 (0.03-0.65); p=0.012]. We recorded 55 adverse events in 39 pts (4 lower respiratory tract infections; 18 upper respiratory tract infections; 7 herpes simplex-1 reactivation; 1 shingles; 8 upper urinary tract infections; 2 breast cancers). No serious infusion-associated reactions were reported
OCR treatment allows complete disease control in a high proportion of real-world RRMS pts, with a manageable safety profile. Although ocrelizumab can control disease activity after failure of highly efficacy DMTs, its efficacy seems to be higher in naïve patients
P0365 - Ocrelizumab treatment in patients with progressive multiple sclerosis: a single-center real-world experience (ID 1628)
Ocrelizumab (OCR) treatment in pivotal trials of patients (pts) with progressive multiple sclerosis (PMS) has demonstrated to slow disability worsening, with a good safety profile. However, real-word data on efficacy and adverse events (AE) are still scarce.
To provide first experience data regarding efficacy and safety of OCR use in PMS pts treated within a real-world setting.
We collected safety and efficacy data from all PMS pts treated with OCR at the MS Center of the University of Genoa. The probability of disability-, relapse- and MRI activity-free survival and NEDA-3 status was calculated with Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. AE were recorded throughout the follow-up (FU).
We recorded data from 59 PMS pts [42 (71%) with primary-progressive (PP) MS and 17 (29%) with secondary progressive (SP) MS, 24 females (41), mean (SD) age 49.8 (8.2) years] with a mean disease duration (DD) of 12.1 (10.1) years, a median (IQR) baseline EDSS of 5.5 (3.5-6.0) and median number of previous DMTs 1 (0-2). SPMS patients had longer DD (20.8vs8.6; p=0.004) and had mean ARR of 0.24 (0.4). 21 (36%) pts had not received any DMT prior to OCR. Mean FU was 2.0 (1.1) years. 14 (24%) patients had an active MRI brain scan at baseline. At 1-year FU, MRI-inflammatory-activity-free survival was 87.3% (CI95%: 76.9-97.7%), relapse-free survival was 100% and progression-free survival was 82.7% (72.3-93.1%). NEDA-3 status was achieved in 72.3% (59.0-85.5%) of pts. No differences were noted between patients with PP and SPMS. At multivariate analyses, no baseline characteristic was found be predictive of a higher probability of progression-free survival, MRI-activity-free survival and NEDA-3 status. We recorded 69 AE in 36 pts (32 upper respiratory tract infections; 6 herpes simplex-1 reactivation; 7 lower urinary tract infections; 1 acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndrome; 1 appendicitis treated with surgical procedure). No serious infusion-associated reactions were reported.
We report short-medium term efficacy data in a real-world population of progressive patients treated with OCR, including a relatively high proportion of patients without MRI activity at baseline assessment. Our data suggest that OCR should be considered as treatment option in both patients with PPMS and SPMS.
P0410 - Treatment with ocrelizumab during Sars-Cov2 pandemic: efficacy and safety outcomes (ID 1787)
Sars-Cov2 pandemic led neurologists to modify the therapeutic approach in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) care setting, especially with regard to immunodepleting treatments.
to describe management and outcome of MS patients (pts) treated with ocrelizumab (OCR) during Sars-Cov2 pandemic in the MS Center of University of Genoa.
we collected data about pts scheduled to undergo OCR infusion from 1st March to 30th June 2020. Pts that previously underwent the first OCR infusion completed the induction cycle. No further OCR cycles during March and April 2020 were performed. Starting from May, we adopted an infusion scheme based on B-cell repopulation, differently applied for Relapsing Remitting (RR) and Progressive (P) pts. RRMS pts performed immunophenotype (IF) and received OCR infusion when B CD19+ cell count overcame the cut-off of 1%. Conversely, for PMS pts OCR infusions were delayed for 3 months. Then, PMS pts underwent OCR infusion based on B CD19+ cell monitoring. For pts with evidence of B CD19+ cells repopulation brain 3T MRI was planned before OCR re-infusion.
77 MS pts were included [45 (58%) RRMS, 32 (41%) PMS; mean age 44.7 (SD: 11.1) years, mean disease duration 21.7 (22.3) years, mean number of previous DMT before OCR: 1.6 (1.6), mean number of previous OCR infusions 3.9 (SD 2.3). 11 (13.1%, 9 RR, 2 PP) of the 49 pts that performed a first IF presented B CD19+ cell repopulation and received OCR re-infusion, with a mean delay from scheduled infusion of 70 (48.9) days. The mean number of previous OCR infusions was 3.0 (1.2) and 3.1 (1.6) for pts with and without evidence of B-cell repopulation respectively. No effect of previous OCR infusions number on the probability to develop B CD19+ cell repopulation at the first IF was detected by ANCOVA analysis, correcting for the delay between the date of scheduled infusion and the date in which the first IF has been performed. Considering the global cohort, 1 pt presented a dubious sensory relapse with no evidence of radiological activity. None of the pts who performed brain MRI before OCR re-infusion showed new T2 or Gd+ enhancing lesions. 3 pts were infected by Sars-Cov2; 2 of them needed hospitalization but recovered completely.
the management of patients treated with OCR during Sars-Cov2 pandemic with a personalized infusion protocol based on B CD19+ cells repopulation was associated with good results in terms of efficacy and safety outcome
P0418 - Withdrawal of fingolimod treatment: results from a single-cohort observational study (ID 1604)
Management of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who discontinue fingolimod (FTY) is not established yet and breakthrough disease activity has been reported following fingolimod withdrawal. However, data regarding this phenomenon and its possible impact in the long-term are still sparse.
To explore frequency of disease reactivation after FTY cessation in a single-center cohort and clinical/radiological characteristics of patients (pts) discontinuing FTY during (I) the wash-out period and (II) the first 12-months following a new treatment onset.
Data regarding relapses, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), MRI activity (new T2 and/or Gd-enhancing lesion) and lymphocyte count before and during FTY treatment, the wash-out period and the first 12-moths of a new treatment were retrospectively collected. Pts were grouped according to (I) discontinuation reason (inefficacy/adverse events/other reasons) and (II) disease activity during wash-out (no disease activity/at least one relapse or MRI activity/rebound). Differences in clinical/radiological characteristics or time to NEDA3-failure between groups were assessed with ANOVA, Chi-square and Kaplan-Meier estimator as appropriate.
We included 71 pts [females:70%; mean age and disease duration at FTY start:37.6±8.4 and 11±7.6 years; median EDSS:3 (0-7); mean treatment duration:2.3 year]. 70% discontinued for inefficacy, 22% for adverse events, 8% for other reasons (pregnancy/pts’s choice). During the wash-out 69% of pts remained stable, 21.2% had clinical/radiological activity, 9.8% had a rebound (mean wash-out period: 2.3, 8.2, 4.1 months, respectively; p=0.03). Age was lower in rebound vs stable pts (28.5±4.9vs39.4±8.3; p=0.006). Discontinuation for inefficacy was observed in 70% of stable, 93% of clinically/radiologically active and 42% of pts with a rebound during wash-out (p<0.0001). No differences in time to NEDA3-failure during the first 12-months following a new treatment start were observed according to discontinuation reason or disease activity during wash-out (Log-Rank test: p=0.67 and p=0.23, respectively). Disease duration, EDSS, lymphocytes’ count at FTY stop and lymphocytes’ increase during wash-out did not differ according to disease activity during wash-out or response to following treatment.
Younger pts were more likely to have a rebound, while more frequent discontinuation for inefficacy and longer wash-out period were observed in pts with clinical/radiological activity during wash-out. Time to NEDA3-failure within the 12-months following a new treatment onset was not influenced by discontinuation reason or disease activity during wash-out
P0883 - MRI activity and extended interval of Natalizumab dosing: a multicenter Italian study (ID 1269)
- M. Clerico
- S. De Mercanti
- A. Signori
- M. Iudicello
- C. Cordioli
- E. Signoriello
- G. Lus
- S. Bonavita
- L. Lavorgna
- G. Maniscalco
- E. Curti
- L. Lorefice
- E. Cocco
- V. Nociti
- M. Mirabella
- D. Baroncini
- G. Mataluni
- D. Landi
- M. Petruzzo
- R. Lanzillo
- I. Gandoglia
- A. Laroni
- R. Frangiamore
- A. Sartori
- P. Cavalla
- G. Costantini
- M. Sormani
- R. Capra
Extending the natalizumab interval after the 24th administration could reduce the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) without efficacy reduction.
To evaluate the non-inferiority of the efficacy of an extended interval dosing (EID) regimen compared with the standard interval dosing (SID) of natalizumab regarding the multiple sclerosis (MS) MRI activity.
It is an observational, multicenter (14 Italian centers), retrospective cohort study, starting from the 24th natalizumab infusion to the loss of follow-up or 2 years after baseline. Patients were grouped in 2 categories according to the mean number of weeks between doses: < 5 weeks, SID; ≥ 5 weeks, EID. Three hundred and eight patients were enrolled. Median dose interval (MDI) following 24th infusion was 5 weeks, with a bimodal distribution (modes at 4 and 6 weeks).
Two hundred and sixteen patients were in the SID group (MDI = 4.4 weeks) and 144 in the EID group (MDI 6 weeks). The risk to develop active lesions on MRI is similar in SID and EID groups during the 6 and 12 months after the 24th natalizumab infusion, respectively 2.98% (95% CI: 0.56-5.40) vs 3.32% (95% CI: 0.00-6.65%) [p=0.88] and 6.65% (95% CI: 3.02-10.29) vs 5.67% (95% CI: 1.76-9.58%) [p=0.73]. The EID regimen does not increase the occurrence of MRI activity after 6 and 12 months.
There is no evidence of a reduced efficacy of natalizumab in an EID setting regarding the MRI activity. This observation confirms previous clinical results and together with the increasing evidence of a reduced risk of PML associated to an EID regimen, supports the need of a bigger randomized study to assess the need to change the standard of the natalizumab dosing schedule, in order to better manage JCV-positive patients after 24 doses of natalizumab.