Author Of 2 Presentations
P0118 - Neurofilament light chain concentration predicts risk of relapse in participants with relapsing multiple sclerosis in phase 3 ozanimod trials (ID 1211)
In patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), neurofilament light chain concentration (NfL-c) is increased in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Plasma and CSF NfL-c correlate and may serve as a biomarker for neurologic damage and disease activity in relapsing MS (RMS). Ozanimod, a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 and 5 modulator, reduced annualized relapse rate (ARR) and plasma NfL-c (pNfL-c) vs interferon β-1a (IFN) in phase 3 RMS trials.
To expand upon previously reported data showing that baseline (BL) pNfL-c predicts risk of on-treatment relapse, we analyzed the relationship between changes in pNfL-c and on-treatment risk of relapse with ozanimod vs IFN.
In this exploratory, post hoc analysis, pNfL-c was measured at BL and after 12 and 24 months of treatment with oral ozanimod 0.46 or 0.92 mg/d or intramuscular IFN β-1a 30 µg/wk in the phase 3 SUNBEAM (NCT02294058; ≥12 mo) and RADIANCE (NCT02047734; 24 mo) trials. The effect of treatment on pNfL-c was assessed, as were the relationships between BL pNfL-c and relapse rate and pNfL-c change from BL and ARR. NfL data are reported as median percentage change from BL. Poisson generalized linear models were used to fit the number of relapses as a function of BL pNfL-c and treatment group with an offset for duration. We calculated a predictive model of expected ARR based on median percentage change from BL in pNfL-c.
At end of treatment, median pNfL-c was significantly reduced from BL by 20‒23% (P<0.01) and 23‒27% (P≤0.0001) with ozanimod 0.46 and 0.92 mg, respectively, and by 13‒15% with IFN. Higher BL p-NfL-c was associated with an increase in number of relapses (P<0.0001). Over a 12-month period, participants treated with either dose of ozanimod had significantly fewer relapses than those treated with IFN (P<0.05); the greatest effect was observed with ozanimod 0.92 mg. Further analyses reveal that treatment groups associated with a greater median reduction from BL pNfL-c are also associated with lower ARR. Predictive modeling estimated that a 25% reduction in pNfL-c, similar to that observed with ozanimod 0.92 mg, predicts an ARR (standard error [SE]) of 0.18‒0.23 (0.4); a 13% reduction, which was similar to that observed with IFN, predicts an ARR (SE) of 0.29‒0.37 (0.04).
Our findings further support pNfL-c as a biomarker for RMS disease activity. BL pNfL-c is related to relapse rate, as are changes in pNfL-c during treatment. Ozanimod causes dose-dependent reductions in pNfL-c and ARR compared with IFN.
P0217 - Long-term safety and efficacy of ozanimod in relapsing multiple sclerosis in DAYBREAK: an open-label extension study of ozanimod phase 1−3 trials (ID 991)
Ozanimod, an oral sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 and 5 modulator, is approved in the US and EU for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS).
To characterize the long-term safety and efficacy of ozanimod in participants with RMS in an ongoing open-label extension (OLE) trial.
Participants with RMS who completed a phase 1, 2, or 3 ozanimod clinical trial were eligible to enroll in DAYBREAK (NCT02576717), where they received ozanimod 0.92 mg/d (equivalent to ozanimod HCl 1 mg). The primary objective was to evaluate safety in the overall population; treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAE) were monitored. Efficacy was evaluated with annualized relapse rate (ARR), calculated via negative binomial regression and pooled for all parent-trial treatment groups. Number of new/enlarging T2 and gadolinium-enhancing (GdE) MRI brain lesions were reported for the subset of participants who entered the OLE from an active-controlled phase 3 trial.
In total, 2639 participants completed the parent trials; this interim analysis (data cut 20 December 2019) included 2494 participants with mean (range) ozanimod exposure of 35.4 (0.03–50.2) months in the OLE. Adjusted ARR in the OLE was 0.112 (95% confidence interval, 0.093‒0.135). At months 24 and 36, 79% and 75% of participants, respectively, were relapse free in the OLE. Three- and 6-month confirmed disability progression was observed in 10.8% and 8.6% of participants in the OLE, respectively. Mean number of new/enlarging T2 lesions per scan at 24 months was similar, regardless of parent-trial treatment group (range, 1.57–1.90), as were mean number of GdE lesions at month 24 (range, 0.2 ‒0.4). In the OLE, 2039 participants (81.8%) had any TEAE, 236 (9.5%) had a serious TEAE (SAE), and 56 (2.2%) discontinued due to a TEAE. Similar rates of TEAEs and SAEs occurred when assessed by parent-trial treatment group. The most common TEAEs were nasopharyngitis (17.9%), headache (14%), upper respiratory tract infection (9.9%), and lymphopenia (9.6%). TEAEs were generally similar to parent trial observations. There were no serious opportunistic infections. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates of TEAEs and SAEs have decreased over time.
In DAYBREAK, ozanimod was associated with low ARR and low new/enlarging T2 and GdE lesion counts over time. Most participants were relapse free and did not experience disability progression. Ozanimod was generally well tolerated and no new safety concerns emerged with long-term use.