Author Of 2 Presentations
P0216 - Long-term reduction of relapse rate and 48-week confirmed disability progression after 6.5 years of ocrelizumab treatment in patients with RMS (ID 844)
The efficacy and safety of ocrelizumab (OCR) in relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS) were demonstrated in the 96-week controlled double-blind period (DBP) of the Phase III OPERA I (NCT01247324) and OPERA II (NCT01412333) trials.
To assess the efficacy of switching from interferon (IFN) β-1a or maintaining OCR therapy on disease activity and confirmed disability progression (CDP) after 4.5 years of follow-up, in the open-label extension (OLE) of OPERA I and OPERA II.
In the DBP of OPERA I and OPERA II, patients were randomized to receive OCR or IFN β-1a. Patients completing the DBP either continued OCR (OCR-OCR) or switched from IFN β-1a to OCR (IFN-OCR) when entering the OLE period. Adjusted annualized relapse rate (ARR), time to onset of 48-week CDP (CDP48) and time to 48-week confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale score ≥6.0 (time to require a walking aid) were analyzed up to Week 336.
Overall, 79.2% of patients who entered the OLE period completed OLE Year 4.5. Adjusted ARR decreased year-on-year from the pre-switch year to OLE Year 4.5 in IFN-OCR switchers (pre-switch, 0.20; OLE Year 4.5, 0.06) and was maintained at low levels in OCR-OCR continuers (pre-switch, 0.12; OLE Year 4.5, 0.04). The rates of CDP48 were lower in OCR-OCR continuers vs IFN-OCR switchers at the end of the DBP (4.1% vs 8.5%; p<0.001) and at OLE Year 4.5 (16.0% vs 20.3%; p=0.05). The rates of patients requiring a walking aid were lower in OCR-OCR continuers vs IFN-OCR switchers at the end of the DBP (0.8% vs 3.1%; p=0.001) and at OLE Year 4.5 (5.1% vs 8.3%; p=0.024). Over the DBP and OLE periods, the risk of CDP48 was 28% lower (HR [95%CI]: 0.72 [0.56–0.93]; p=0.01) and the risk of requiring a walking aid was 46% lower (HR [95%CI]: 0.54 [0.35–0.83];p=0.004) in OCR-OCR continuers vs IFN-OCR switchers. The safety profile in the OLE was generally consistent with the DBP.
Switching from IFN β-1a to ocrelizumab at the start of the OLE period was associated with a rapid and robust reduction in ARR that was maintained through the 4.5-year follow-up of the OLE period. Compared with patients switching to ocrelizumab at the OLE, patients initiating ocrelizumab 2 years earlier accrued significant benefits on CDP48 and time to require a walking aid that were maintained vs the switch group through the 4.5 years of the OLE period.
P0392 - Shorter infusion time of ocrelizumab: results from the ENSEMBLE PLUS study in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (ID 900)
Ocrelizumab (OCR) is an intravenously administered anti-CD20 antibody approved for relapsing and primary progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). Shortening the infusion duration to 2hrs reduces the total site stay (including mandatory pre-medication/infusion/observation) from 5.5–6hrs, to 4hrs, which may reduce patient and site staff burden.
ENSEMBLE PLUS aims to investigate the safety and tolerability of OCR when administered over a shorter infusion time.
ENSEMBLE PLUS is a randomized, double-blind substudy to the ENSEMBLE study (NCT03085810). In ENSEMBLE, treatment-naïve patients with active, early-stage relapsing-remitting MS (18–55 years; disease duration ≤3 years; EDSS score 0–3.5) receive OCR 600mg infusions every 24 weeks for 192 weeks. In ENSEMBLE PLUS, OCR (600mg) administered over the approved infusion time (3.5hrs; conventional duration), was compared with a 2hr infusion (shorter duration); the infusion duration of the initial 2×300mg dose was unaffected. The frequency and severity of infusion-related reactions (IRRs) were assessed during and 24hrs post-infusion. The ENSEMBLE PLUS primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with IRRs at the first Randomized Dose.
In total, 373 and 372 patients were randomized to the conventional and shorter infusion groups, respectively. At the first Randomized Dose, 99 patients (26.5%) in the conventional and 107 (28.8%) in the shorter infusion group had IRRs (difference in proportions, stratified estimates [95% CI]: 2.4% [-3.8, 8.7]); most common symptoms during the infusion were throat irritation, dysphagia and ear pruritus, whilst 24hrs post-infusion were fatigue, headache and nausea. IRRs led to infusion slowing/temporary interruption in 22 patients (5.9%) in the conventional and 39 (10.5%) in the shorter infusion group. The majority of IRRs were mild or moderate. Across all Randomized Doses, four severe (Grade 3) IRRs occurred in total, one in the conventional and three in the shorter infusion group. Overall, >99% of IRRs resolved without sequelae in both groups. No IRRs were serious, life-threatening or fatal; no IRR-related discontinuations occurred. Adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs were consistent with the known OCR safety profile.
Frequency and severity of IRRs were similar between conventional and shorter infusions. No new safety signals were detected. Shorter ocrelizumab infusions reduce the infusion site stay, thus may reduce patient and staff burden.