Author Of 1 Presentation
P0086 - Highly sensitive quantitation of CXCL13 as an intrathecal biomarker in optic neuritis (ID 718)
CXCL13 chemokine is a key regulator of B cell chemotaxis and CXCL13 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is of pathophysiological relevance in multiple sclerosis (MS).
To assess the potential value of a highly sensitive CXCL13 assay in acute optic neuritis (ON) patients for prediction of MS.
A Simoa CXCL13 assay was used to measure CXCL13 in CSF and serum of two independent, treatment-naïve ON cohorts: A training cohort (TC) derived from a population-based cohort (n = 33) and a validation cohort (VC) of patients collected consecutively in line with the population study precepts (n = 30). Prospectively, 14/33 patients from the TC and 12/30 patients from the VC showed progression to MS (MS-ON). The remaining 19/33 from TC and 18/30 from VC were considered as isolated ON (ION). A group of healthy controls (HC, n = 11) were used for comparison.
CXCL13 was detectable in all samples. General ON patients had higher CXCL13 than HCs (p = 0.012). In the TC, CXCL13 in MS-ON patient CSF was higher than in ION and HC (p = 0.0001 and p<0.0001, respectively). This was confirmed in the TC, where MS-ON patients too showed increased CSF CXCL13 relative to ION (p = 0.0091). Logistic regression analysis showed area under curve of 0.83 (95% confidence interval: 0.73-0.93) and an odds-ratio of 19.6 at the optimal cutoff.
Increased ability to detect CSF CXCL13 using the Simoa assay allowed identification of ON patients and segregated MS-ON from ION. These data indicate a promising potential of this assay, and further studies are warranted.