Fingolimod (FGL) is an oral disease-modifying therapy (DMT) for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, introduced in Sweden 2011. Already from launch, FGL was included in the Swedish “Immunomodulation and Multiple Sclerosis Epidemiology Study” (IMSE) in order to enable long-term surveillance of effectiveness and safety aspects in a large population-based cohort.
To assess the relation between Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMS) in patients treated with FGL.
Swedish MS patients are registered into the nationwide Swedish MS Registry. Demographic data, EDSS and the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29), Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions Test (EQ-5D), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were collected for FGL patients who agreed to participate in the IMSE 2 study. Spearman rank correlation were used to determine associations between EDSS and PROMS.
From September 2011 until June 2020, 1670 MS patients (68% female) were included in IMSE 2. Mean age at treatment start was 39 years and mean treatment duration in the entire cohort was 44 months (M). Out of 1670 patients, 560 (63% female) had been treated with FGL for at least 60 M. Mean age was 40 years and mean treatment duration 81 M. Significant (p<0.05) correlations was found between EDSS and all PROMs. The strongest correlation was found between the physical component of MSIS-29 for both baseline (r=0.60, n=778) and 60 M (r=0.64, n=109). Also, for both EQ-5D and VAS, Spearman coefficient indicates a moderate correlation for baseline (EQ-5D; r=-0.48, n=744 and VAS; -0.43, n=706) and 60 M (EQ-5D; r=-0.47, n=102 and VAS; -0.48, n=102) respectively. The correlation between EDSS and SDMT and the psychological component of MSIS-29, both indicated a weak correlation for baseline (SDMT; r=-0.28, n=771 and MSIS-29 psychological; r=0.28, n=778). For 60 M the correlations were stronger and indicated a moderate correlation (SDMT; r= -0.42, n=114 and MSIS-29 psychological; r=0.33, n=109).
The observed correlations between EDSS and PROMs in patients treated with FGL indicate a weak correlation with SDMT and the psychological component of MSIS-29. These results highlight that different scales capture different dimensions of the physical and psychological impact of MS from the patient’s perspective and have important functions which should continue to be followed.