Sars-Cov2 pandemic led neurologists to modify the therapeutic approach in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) care setting, especially with regard to immunodepleting treatments.
to describe management and outcome of MS patients (pts) treated with ocrelizumab (OCR) during Sars-Cov2 pandemic in the MS Center of University of Genoa.
we collected data about pts scheduled to undergo OCR infusion from 1st March to 30th June 2020. Pts that previously underwent the first OCR infusion completed the induction cycle. No further OCR cycles during March and April 2020 were performed. Starting from May, we adopted an infusion scheme based on B-cell repopulation, differently applied for Relapsing Remitting (RR) and Progressive (P) pts. RRMS pts performed immunophenotype (IF) and received OCR infusion when B CD19+ cell count overcame the cut-off of 1%. Conversely, for PMS pts OCR infusions were delayed for 3 months. Then, PMS pts underwent OCR infusion based on B CD19+ cell monitoring. For pts with evidence of B CD19+ cells repopulation brain 3T MRI was planned before OCR re-infusion.
77 MS pts were included [45 (58%) RRMS, 32 (41%) PMS; mean age 44.7 (SD: 11.1) years, mean disease duration 21.7 (22.3) years, mean number of previous DMT before OCR: 1.6 (1.6), mean number of previous OCR infusions 3.9 (SD 2.3). 11 (13.1%, 9 RR, 2 PP) of the 49 pts that performed a first IF presented B CD19+ cell repopulation and received OCR re-infusion, with a mean delay from scheduled infusion of 70 (48.9) days. The mean number of previous OCR infusions was 3.0 (1.2) and 3.1 (1.6) for pts with and without evidence of B-cell repopulation respectively. No effect of previous OCR infusions number on the probability to develop B CD19+ cell repopulation at the first IF was detected by ANCOVA analysis, correcting for the delay between the date of scheduled infusion and the date in which the first IF has been performed. Considering the global cohort, 1 pt presented a dubious sensory relapse with no evidence of radiological activity. None of the pts who performed brain MRI before OCR re-infusion showed new T2 or Gd+ enhancing lesions. 3 pts were infected by Sars-Cov2; 2 of them needed hospitalization but recovered completely.
the management of patients treated with OCR during Sars-Cov2 pandemic with a personalized infusion protocol based on B CD19+ cells repopulation was associated with good results in terms of efficacy and safety outcome