Ocrelizumab (OCR) treatment in pivotal trials of patients (pts) with progressive multiple sclerosis (PMS) has demonstrated to slow disability worsening, with a good safety profile. However, real-word data on efficacy and adverse events (AE) are still scarce.
To provide first experience data regarding efficacy and safety of OCR use in PMS pts treated within a real-world setting.
We collected safety and efficacy data from all PMS pts treated with OCR at the MS Center of the University of Genoa. The probability of disability-, relapse- and MRI activity-free survival and NEDA-3 status was calculated with Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. AE were recorded throughout the follow-up (FU).
We recorded data from 59 PMS pts [42 (71%) with primary-progressive (PP) MS and 17 (29%) with secondary progressive (SP) MS, 24 females (41), mean (SD) age 49.8 (8.2) years] with a mean disease duration (DD) of 12.1 (10.1) years, a median (IQR) baseline EDSS of 5.5 (3.5-6.0) and median number of previous DMTs 1 (0-2). SPMS patients had longer DD (20.8vs8.6; p=0.004) and had mean ARR of 0.24 (0.4). 21 (36%) pts had not received any DMT prior to OCR. Mean FU was 2.0 (1.1) years. 14 (24%) patients had an active MRI brain scan at baseline. At 1-year FU, MRI-inflammatory-activity-free survival was 87.3% (CI95%: 76.9-97.7%), relapse-free survival was 100% and progression-free survival was 82.7% (72.3-93.1%). NEDA-3 status was achieved in 72.3% (59.0-85.5%) of pts. No differences were noted between patients with PP and SPMS. At multivariate analyses, no baseline characteristic was found be predictive of a higher probability of progression-free survival, MRI-activity-free survival and NEDA-3 status. We recorded 69 AE in 36 pts (32 upper respiratory tract infections; 6 herpes simplex-1 reactivation; 7 lower urinary tract infections; 1 acute myeloid leukemia following myelodysplastic syndrome; 1 appendicitis treated with surgical procedure). No serious infusion-associated reactions were reported.
We report short-medium term efficacy data in a real-world population of progressive patients treated with OCR, including a relatively high proportion of patients without MRI activity at baseline assessment. Our data suggest that OCR should be considered as treatment option in both patients with PPMS and SPMS.