Clinical Trials Poster Presentation

P0197 - Clinical relapse rates in relapsing MS patients treated with the BTK inhibitor evobrutinib: results of an open-label extension to a Phase II study (ID 1127)

  • F. Dangond
  • X. Montalban
  • D. Arnold
  • M. Weber
  • I. Staikov
  • K. Piasecka-Stryczynska
  • E. Martin
  • M. Mandel
  • V. Ona
  • F. Dangond
  • J. Wolinsky
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Clinical Trials



Evobrutinib (EVO) is a highly selective Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKI) with a dual mode of action targeting both B cells and myeloid cells, which are known to play a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Clinical efficacy of EVO in relapsing MS was shown in a Phase II randomized controlled trial (RCT; NCT02975349) with a significant reduction of T1 Gd-enhancing lesions compared to placebo at Week 24 (the primary endpoint of the study) and continued efficacy through Week 48.


To report the long-term efficacy of EVO measured as the annualized relapse rate [ARR]), cumulative probability of and time to qualified relapse (QR, change in neurological symptoms or expanded disability status scale score increase attributed to MS lasting ≥24 hours preceded by a stable or improving neurological status ≥30 days).


In the 48-week double-blind period (DBP), patients received EVO 25mg once daily (QD), 75mg QD, 75mg BID or placebo (PBO) for the first 24 weeks; all arms continued with the original treatment assignment until 48 weeks, except PBO patients who were switched to EVO 25mg QD. At Week 48, all patients could enter the OLE, where treatment was initially EVO 75mg QD (for a median of ≈48 weeks) before switching to 75mg BID. Long-term efficacy of EVO was assessed at up to 60 weeks of OLE.


Of 213 patients randomized to EVO or PBO, 164 (77%) entered the OLE; of these 148 (90%) completed 108 weeks of treatment. For patients initially receiving PBO or EVO 25mg QD, 75mg QD or 75mg BID in the DBP, ARR (95% CI) was 0.37 (0.21, 0.59), 0.52 (0.33, 0.78), 0.25 (0.12, 0.44) and 0.11 (0.04, 0.25), respectively, at Week 48, and 0.31 (0.21, 0.45), 0.37 (0.25, 0.52), 0.18 (0.10, 0.29) and 0.12 (0.06, 0.22) at Week 108. The cumulative probability of QR in these groups was 0.26 (0.14, 0.38), 0.24 (0.12, 0.36), 0.15 (0.05, 0.25) and 0.08 (0.00, 0.16) at Week 48, and 0.39 (0.25, 0.53), 0.34 (0.20, 0.48), 0.25 (0.12, 0.38) and 0.20 (0.08, 0.31) at Week 96, respectively. The estimated time from randomization by which 20% of patients had a qualified relapse was almost three times longer for patients initiated in the DBP with EVO 75mg BID (827 days [327, not evaluable]) than for patients initiated in the DBP with PBO (281 days [99, 407]) and longer than for patients initiated in the DBP with EVO 25mg QD (166 days [61, 606]) and 75mg QD (530 days [244, 838]). EVO was generally well tolerated, with the safety profile maintained during the 60-week OLE.


With EVO 75mg BID, the efficacy (ARR, 0.11) at Week 48 was maintained at 108 weeks. Probability of and time to QR highlighted that, despite switching to EVO 75mg QD/BID in OLE, patients initiated in the DBP on EVO 25mg QD, 75mg QD or PBO did not achieve the same level of efficacy of those initiated in the DBP on 75mg BID. The maximum efficacy observed at the 75mg BID dose correlated with optimal BTK occupancy achieved with BID dosing.