Mark Fletcher, United States of America

Pfizer Inc. Vaccines Medical Development & Medical/Scientific Affairs,

Author Of 2 Presentations

VACCINE-PREVENTABLE CLINICAL VERSUS RADIOLOGICALLY- OR ETIOLOGICALLY-CONFIRMED DISEASE IN PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINE EFFICACY TRIALS: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW AND RE-ANALYSIS (ID 762)

Abstract

Background

While regulatory endpoints for pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) routinely include radiologically- or vaccine serotype (VST) confirmed disease, public health decision-making benefits from consideration of all disease prevented regardless of diagnostic or etiological confirmation.

Methods

We followed PRISMA guidelines to perform a systematic literature review for Phase III/IV efficacy trials of PCVs from 1997 through 2019. We estimated study-specific vaccine-preventable disease incidence (VPDI) (control group minus intervention group incidences) for all-cause disease versus radiologically- and/or etiologically-confirmed outcomes. VPDI ratios between the broadest clinical and most narrowly defined outcomes were calculated [PROSPERO registration, CRD42019145268].

Results

Ten studies met the criteria. In children < 5 years, VPDI ratios ranged from 0.6 to 3.7 for otitis media (clinical versus VST etiologically-confirmed); from 1.3 to 1.8 for pneumonia (clinical versus radiologically-confirmed); 3.1 and 19.0 for pneumonia (clinical versus bacterial or VST); and 3.8 in one study of invasive pneumococcal disease (non-laboratory to laboratory-confirmed). In adults, VPDI ratios ranged from 2.2 to 2.9 for pneumonia (clinical to pneumococcal or VST).

table_fig2.gif

Conclusions

Relying on only radiologically-confirmed or etiologically-confirmed outcomes substantially underestimated PCVs’ public health benefits. Broader clinical outcomes should be considered by vaccine technical committees when making decisions for pediatric and adult PCV use.

Hide

TRENDS IN LABORATORY-CONFIRMED PNEUMOCOCCAL MENINGITIS AFTER INTRODUCTION OF 13-VALENT PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINE (PCV13) INTO THE NATIONAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME IN CAMEROON (ID 299)