COVERAGE OF NEXT GENERATION PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINES FOR INVASIVE PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE IN OLDER ADULTS OF HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES
Despite the indirect effects of routine pediatric pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) use, invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) persists in older adults. This analysis describes IPD coverage of current PCVs (PCV10/PCV13) and next generation, PCV15 and PCV20.
Serotype counts for adults ≥60/≥65 years were obtained from national or regionally-representative IPD surveillance systems in high-income countries. Up to the three most recent years of data were included. Excluded countries reported <20 cases overall or only reported data prior to pediatric PCV introduction into the National Immunization Program (NIP). Coverage was calculated for PCV10 (1,4,5,6B,7F,9V,14,18C,19F,23F), PCV13 (PCV10-types,3,6A,19A, plus 6C, which is highly-related to 6A), PCV15 (PCV13-types, 22F,33F), and PCV20 (PCV13-types, 8,10A,11A,12F,15B, plus 15C, which is highly-related to 15B) as the number of cases in PCVs divided by total number of cases (excluding missing and non-typeable) reported for each country.
Twenty-eight of 80 (35%) high-income countries met inclusion criteria, reporting >25,000 cases that were included in the analysis. Coverage by current and next generation PCVs varied by country and World Health Organization (WHO) region (Table).
PCV20 offers substantial coverage above current PCVs and next generation PCV15 and could address the considerable remaining IPD burden among older adults in high-income countries globally.