COVERAGE OF NEXT GENERATION PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINES FOR INVASIVE PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE IN CHILDREN OF HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES
The serotype distribution of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) informs the coverage of next generation pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). This analysis describes IPD coverage by the current PCVs (PCV10/PCV13) and next generation, PCV15 and PCV20.
Serotype counts for children <5 years were obtained from national or regionally-representative IPD surveillance systems from high-income countries. Up to the three most recent years of data were included. Excluded countries reported <20 cases overall or only reported data prior to pediatric PCV introduction into the National Immunization Program (NIP). Coverage was calculated for PCV10 (1,4,5,6B,7F,9V,14,18C,19F,23F), PCV13 (PCV10-types, 3,6A,19A, plus 6C, which is highly-related to 6A), PCV15 (PCV13-types, 22F,33F), and PCV20 (PCV15-types, 8,10A,11A,12F,15B, plus 15C, which is highly-related to 15B) as the number of cases in PCVs divided by the total number of cases (excluding missing and non-typeable cases) reported for each country.
Twenty-seven of 80 (34%) high-income countries met inclusion criteria, reporting >5,000 cases that were included in the analysis. Coverage by current and next generation PCVs varied by country and World Health Organization (WHO) region (Table).
PCV20 offers substantial coverage above current PCVs and next generation PCV15 and could address the considerable remaining IPD burden among children in high-income countries globally.