Online Abstracts Population Sciences - Global Pneumonia Control and Vulnerable Populations D3 Global Pneumonia Control and Vulnerable Populations

THE TIME IS NOW: URGENT NEED TO TACKLE CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA DEATHS IN NIGERIA

Presentation Type
Abstract_Submission
Presentation Topic
D3 Global Pneumonia Control and Vulnerable Populations

Abstract

Background

Pneumonia is the major cause of death among children under the age of 5 years, with pneumonia-associated deaths accounting for 15% of all deaths among under-five children globally. Sadly, Nigeria is the country with the highest cases of pneumonia-related deaths among children under five years globally, even when pneumonia is a preventable and treatable disease.

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Methods

The Immunisation coverage of pneumonia preventable vaccines like Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine (PCV) and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (HIB) in Nigeria, were examined from 2015 to date, in comparison with other countries using the "2019 UNICEF Immunisation data: Immunisation coverage by antigen (country, regional and global trends)".

Results

Immunisation coverage (%) of PCV and HIB antigens has been all time low in Nigeria. In 2015, PCV3 vaccine coverage in Nigeria was 36%, while HIB vaccine was 42%. From 2016 to 2018, the coverage level (%) for PCV and HIB vaccines both stood at 57% each. When compared to countries like Zambia, Uganda, United Kingdom and others, Nigeria is lagging behing in optimal use of pneumonia preventable vaccines.

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Conclusions

There is an urgent need to improve the uptake of pneumonia preventable vaccines by strengthening immunisation coverage in Nigeria, to arrest the ever rampaging pneumonia-associated deaths among under-five children.

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