Henriette Moll (Netherlands)ErasmusMC Sophia Pediatrics
Author Of 2 Presentations
Clinical Prediction Tools for Serious Bacterial Infections in the Emergency Care
GUIDELINE ADHERENCE IN FEBRILE CHILDREN BELOW THREE MONTHS VISITING EUROPEAN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS: AN OBSERVATIONAL MULTICENTER STUDY
Febrile children below three months have a higher risk of serious bacterial infections, which often leads to extensive diagnostics and treatment. However, there is practice variation in management due to differences in guidelines and the usage and adherence. We aimed to assess whether management in febrile children below three months attending European Emergency Departments (EDs) was according to the available guidelines for fever.
This study is part of the MOFICHE study, which is an observational multicenter study including routine data of febrile children (0-18 years) attending twelve European EDs. In febrile children <3 months (excluding bronchiolitis), we analyzed actual management compared to the available guidelines for fever. Ten EDs applied the (adapted) NICE guideline and two EDs applied local guidelines. Management included diagnostic tests, antibiotic treatment and admission. Subgroup analyses in children <1 month and 1-3 months were performed. Data on follow-up was not collected.
We included 913 children (median age 1.7 months) with the majority triaged as intermediate/high urgent (53%), 40% having a respiratory tract infection and 56% having a viral illness. Management per ED varied: diagnostic tests 14-83%, antibiotic treatment 23-54%, admission 34-86%. Adherence to the guidelines varied: blood cultures were obtained in 43% (374/868), lumbar punctures in 30% (144/488), antibiotics were prescribed in 55% (270/492) and 67% (573/859) were admitted. Full adherence to all these four components occurred in 15% (132/868, range 0-38%), 31% (71/223) in children <1 month and 10% (61/645) in children 1-3 months respectively.
There is large practice variation in management and guideline adherence was limited, but highest for admission which implies good safety netting. Future studies should focus on guideline revision with new biomarkers in order to optimize management in young febrile children.