ESMO Supporter 2018

Found 2 Presentations For Request "192PD"

Poster Discussion session - Breast cancer, early stage Poster Discussion session

192PD - Randomized Trial of Lisinopril or Carvedilol for the Prevention of Cardiotoxicity in Patients with Early Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Receiving Trastuzumab

Presentation Number
192PD
Lecture Time
15:50 - 15:50
Speakers
  • Pamela N. Munster (San Francisco, US)
Location
Hall A1 - Room 15, ICM München, Munich, Germany
Date
20.10.2018
Time
15:00 - 16:15

Abstract

Background

Trastuzumab is an integral part of therapy for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. Yet, cardiac side effects, particularly in patients who receive anthracyclines require frequent monitoring and result in dose interruptions and discontinuation of trastuzumab. Prophylactic use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or beta blockers may prevent cardiotoxicity associated with chemotherapy and trastuzumab.

Methods

In a large prospective double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, the rates of pre-specified cardiotoxicity and trastuzumab interruptions were evaluated in patients with early stage HER2 positive breast cancer treated with one year of trastuzumab. Patients were randomized to simultaneously receive either the ACE inhibitor, lisinopril, or beta-blocker, carvedilol, or placebo and were stratified by anthracycline use.

Results

The study included 468 eligible patients (median age:51, BMI:27 kg/m2, baseline systolic BP: 126mmHg and LVEF: 63 ± 6.29%) from 127 community-based practices. Both interventions reduced trastuzumab interruptions (p = 0.01). For patients receiving an anthracycline, cardiac event rates were higher in the placebo group (47%), compared to lisinopril (37%), and carvedilol (31%). Interruptions of trastuzumab were required in 23% patients on lisinopril and 20% on carvedilol compared to 40% on placebo (p = 0.007). Changes in LVEF from baseline (least square means, SE) were significantly reduced with both carvedilol (-4.5 (0.8), p = 0.008, and lisinopril (-4.0 (0.8), p = 0.002) than placebo, (-7.7 (0.8). Cardiotoxicity-free survival was longer on both carvedilol (hazard ratio 0.49, 95% confidence intervals 0.27, 0.89, p = 0.009) or lisinopril (HR 0.53, CI 0.30, 0.94, p = 0.015). Cardiac events for patients treated with non-anthracycline containing regimens were similar for all groups with no difference in number of trastuzumab interruptions.

Conclusions

Both lisinopril and carvedilol prevented cardiotoxicity in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer treated with trastuzumab and anthracyclines. The use of lisinopril or carvedilol should be considered to offset cardiac events and to minimize interruptions of trastuzumab.

Clinical trial identification

NCT01009918.

Legal entity responsible for the study

National Cancer Institute, Community Oncology and Prevention Trials Research Group, Rockville, MD.

Funding

National Cancer Institute, Community Oncology and Prevention Trials Research Group, Rockville, MD.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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Poster Discussion session - Breast cancer, early stage Poster Discussion session

Invited Discussant 191PD and 192PD

Lecture Time
15:50 - 16:05
Speakers
  • Veronique Dieras (Rennes, FR)
Location
Hall A1 - Room 15, ICM München, Munich, Germany
Date
20.10.2018
Time
15:00 - 16:15