E. Chumakov, Russian Federation

Saint-Petersburg University Department of Psychiatry and Addiction
Egor Chumakov graduated from the Military Medical Academy in St Petersburg, Russia, in 2011. He received his postgraduate education in psychiatry at the Department of Psychiatry and Addiction in St Petersburg State University in 2016 and then successfully defended his PhD thesis on "Mental disorders and personality traits in HIV-infected patients with early syphilis". Currently he holds the position of the head of the day psychiatric clinic in St. Petersburg Mental Health Hospital No 1 named after P.P. Kashchenko. In 2017 he took up the position of Associate Professor at Department of Psychiatry and Addiction in St Petersburg State University. Egor Chumakov is an active member of Early Career Psychiatrist’s organizations – he is a Board member of the Early Career Psychiatrist Council of the Russian Society of Psychiatrists and head of the St. Petersburg branch of the organization, European Psychiatric Association Early Career Psychiatrists Committee member, Chair of the European Psychiatric Association Early Career Psychiatrists Task Force on Communication and Publications, World Psychiatric Association Early Career Psychiatrists Section member. He is also World Psychiatric Association Education Standing Committee Member. His research interests include cognitive neuroscience, first episode of schizophrenia, treatment of schizophrenia and affective disorders, compulsive sexual behavior.

Presenter Of 3 Presentations

LIVE - ECP Symposium: Treatment Against Your Will: Views from the Stakeholders (ID 842) No Topic Needed
LIVE - ECP Symposium: Treatment Against Your Will: Views from the Stakeholders (ID 842) No Topic Needed

ECP0006 - Use of Compulsory Treatment by Early Career Psychiatrists: Findings from an International Survey

Session Icon
Live, ECP Session
Date
Sun, 11.04.2021
Session Time
15:30 - 17:00
Room
Channel 2
Lecture Time
15:47 - 16:04

ABSTRACT

Abstract Body

Introduction. Early Career Psychiatrists (ECPs) are routinely at the front line of clinical practice worldwide, including the use of compulsory measures in psychiatry. However, ECPs practice in this aspect is understudied.

Objectives. The aims of the study were (i) to clarify whether ECPs experience any difficulties in the process of compulsory psychiatric care; and (ii) to find out how ECPs consider compulsory measures in psychiatry.

Methods. An online anonymous survey of ECPs around the world was conducted in July-August 2019. The final sample had 142 psychiatrists (53% female; mean age 32.3±3.1) from 43 countries.

Results. 96% of the Early Career Psychiatrists who responded to this survey agree with the continued use of the current legal framework for compulsory psychiatric treatment in their country, either with or without amendments. More than half of the respondents (57%) reported difficulties in providing compulsory psychiatric care due to either challenging interactions with the courts, documentation issues or moral concerns. Over half of the participants (53%) were keen to reform the legal procedures for compulsory psychiatric care in their countries.

Conclusions. The study has shown that there is an agreement among ECPs around the world that legal compulsory psychiatric care procedures are relevant and useful in clinical practice under certain circumstances. As stakeholders, ECPs could be encouraged and involved in adding their own experience and opinions to the debate on the employment of coercion in psychiatry as an ethical and legal issue.

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Oral Communications (ID 1110) AS44. Sexual Medicine and Mental Health

O279 - The Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Transgender People Living in Russia

Date
Sat, 10.04.2021
Session Time
07:00 - 21:00
Room
On Demand
Lecture Time
02:20 - 02:32

ABSTRACT

Introduction

The prevalence rates of mental health issues, particularly anxiety and depression, is high among transgender people. However, the incidence of anxiety and depression in transgender people living in Russia is unclear until now.

Objectives

To examine the frequency of anxiety and depression in transgender people living in Russia.

Methods

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used for online screening for symptoms of anxiety and depression in transgender people living in Russia throughout November 2019. 588 transgender adults living in all Federal Districts of Russia (mean age 24.0±6.7) were included in the final analysis. 69.6% (n=409) of the survey participants indicated the direction of transition as transmasculine (TM), 23.1% (n=136) – as transfeminine (TW), and 7.3% (n=43) – as other (TO).

Results

It was found that 45.1% (n=265) and 24.0% (n=141) of transgender people had clinically significant levels of anxiety and depression, respectively (HADS score of 11 or higher). The rates of anxiety (TM=10.21±4.68; TW=8.72±3.91; TO=10.72±4.43) and depression (TM=7.53±4.09; TW=7.40±4.19; TO=7.74±4.33) did not have statistically significant differences within the direction of transition. The anxiety and depression mean scores in all subgroups were statistically significantly higher than in the general Russian population (p<0.001; one sample t-test).

Conclusions

Our findings suggest a high prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in the transgender population as compared to the cisgender population in Russia. The identified frequency of anxiety and depression in transgender people in Russia is worrying and requires immediate action to improve the availability and quality of medical and psychological care for this group of people.

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