M. Schouler-Ocak, GermanyPsychiatric University Clinic of Charité at St. Hedwig Hospital Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Moderator Of 4 Sessions
Women, Gender and Mental Health
Forcibly displaced people across the world face social, psychological and economical challenges linked to their unsecure status, often involving racial discrimination. The cycle of racial discrimination, stigmatization and exclusion starts with the labeling of people with displacement background as a group and individually as `the Other` causing alienation and mobilizing mental stereotypes including ignorance and prejudices. Stigmatisation is a mixture of ignorance and stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination. While ignorance could be defined as the lack of knowledge and interest, and stereotypes reflect the cognitive aspect of social categorization of members of ‘ingroups’ and ‘outgroups’. Prejudices or negative attitudes towards outgroups reflect the emotional aspect of differentiation, and discrimination refers to the behavioral patterns directed to the well-being of outgroups, and harming them. Thus, stigmatization and discrimination is very close and negative related to the poor living conditions of these groups and their psychosocial status in the society. There is a large and growing body of evidence indicates that experiences of racial discrimination are an important type of stressor that can alter the health status and lead to behavioural patterns, which increase health risks. Furthermore, several studies has focused on the relationship between racial discrimination and poor health outcomes in these vulnerable groups. We will focus on the impact of racism and discrimination on mental health of forceíbly displaced people and discuss how to deal with growing racism and discrimination including recommendations. All presentations will be discussed with the plenum.
Depression, anxiety, mental suffering, sexual violence, domestic violence and escalating substance use affect women more than men worldwide. The high prevalence of sexual violence suffered by women and the correspondingly high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) makes women the largest single group of people affected by this disorder. Thus, gender-specific risk factors for common mental disorders that disproportionately affect women include socio-economic disadvantage, low or subordinate social status and rank, dependence on men and hugh responsibility for caring for others. e.g. children. The effects of long-term, cumulative psychosocial adversity on mental health have still not been sufficiently taken into account and studied. Despite clinical guidance on the role of mental health professionals in identifying violence against women and responding appropriately, poor identification persists and can lead to non-engagement with services and poor response to treatment. Knowledge should be gathered on the prevalence and causes of mental health problems in women and on the factors that mediate and protect them. The symposium aims to contribute to improving the mental health of women. The first speaker will talk on „Mental health and human rights of women“, the second speaker will focus on „Mentally ill mothers: How to improve their mental health“. The third speaker´s presentation will be on „Mental health of women with immigrant, refugee and asylum seeker background - how can they be engaged and supported?", while the last speaker will highlight "Gender Inequity in Health: How can it be changed?". All presentations will be discussed with the plenum.