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The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is causing a global health crisis of unprecedented proportions in modern times. Importantly, the pandemic is expected to have negative health consequences beyond those caused by the coronavirus per se – including significant psychological distress. This symposium will focus on the mental health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. First, Dr. Christoph U. Correll will provide an overview of the design of the “Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times” (COH-FIT), putting it in the context of available evidence when the study started. He will present also global results from over 100 countries across 6 continents, focusing on the subgroup of >15,000 minors, in whom their caregivers rated the impact of COVID-19 on their physical and mental well-being. Second, Dr. Marco Solmi will present global results of COH-FIT study in adults from over 100 countries and >50,000 participants across 6 continents, with a specific focus on Italian sample (over 7,000 respondents, including a nationally representative sample). Third, Dr. Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka will present results of the COH-FIT study in Poland with >1500 participants, with a specific focus on health workers. Fourth, Dr. Søren D. Østergaard will present the results of a survey in which 6000 randomly drawn patients with mental disorders undergoing treatment in the psychiatric services of the Central Denmark Region (catchment area of 1.3 million people) will be involved. The survey, which will be conducted in June 2020, will focus on well-being and symptom levels of the participants during the COVID-19 pandemic.
S0129 - COH-FIT Survey: Design of the Study, and Data on Functioning and Quality of Life of Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic
S0130 - COH-FIT: A Specific Focus on Italy
S0131 - Self-reported Mental Health Among Individuals With Mental Disorders During the COVID-19 Pandemic
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental illness may be particularly vulnerable to the negative impact that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic seems to have on mental health. Most prior studies on this topic are however limited by non-random sampling, lack of information on non-respondents, and self-reported diagnoses. Here, we aimed at overcoming these limitations by means of random sampling in a population of clinically diagnosed patients, acquisition of clinical and socio-demographic data on non-respondents, and weighting of results informed by attrition.
METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire-based online survey inviting six-thousand randomly drawn patients from the psychiatric services of the Central Denmark Region. They survey data were merged with sociodemographic- and clinical data from medical records on all invitees, which enabled analysis of attrition and weighting of results. The questionnaire included the 18-item Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18), the 5-item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5), and 14 questions evaluating the perceived severity of symptoms during the four-week nationwide lockdown of Denmark in March/April 2020 – using the pre-pandemic period as reference. Reasons for worsening or improvement in mental health during lockdown were also reported.
RESULTS: The preliminary results are as follows: The response rate was ≈20%. Approximately half the respondents reported that their mental health had deteriorated during lockdown, while the other half reported either no change (≈33%) or improvement (≈16%). The most commonly reported reasons for deterioration in mental health were disruption of routines and loneliness.
CONCLUSION: The final results will be shown at the conference.