Found 1 Presentation For Request "aldea"
110O - Plasma circulating tumor DNA analysis (ctDNA) for molecular alteration detection in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients (pts) with isolated central nervous system (CNS) metastases (mts)
- M. Aldea (Villejuif, France)
- M. Aldea (Villejuif, France)
- L. Hendriks (Maastricht, Netherlands)
- L. Mezquita (Villejuif, France)
- J. Remon-Masip (Barcelona, Spain)
- D. Planchard (Villejuif, France)
- C. Jovelet (Villejuif, France)
- J. Benitez (Barcelona, Spain)
- A. Gazzah (Villejuif, France)
- C. Naltet (Villejuif, France)
- P. Lavaud (Villejuif, France)
- L. Lacroix (Villejuif, France)
- K. Howarth (Cambridge, United Kingdom)
- C. Morris (Cambridge, United Kingdom)
- E. Green (Cambridge, United Kingdom)
- C. Nicotra (Villejuif, France)
- B. Besse (Villejuif, CEDEX, France)
In advanced NSCLC, ctDNA is an emerging tool in molecular profile testing at diagnosis and at resistance to targeted therapies. However, for CNS limited mts, ctDNA might have a reduced accuracy because of low concentrations. Aim: to assess feasibility of ctDNA in NSCLC with isolated CNS disease/progression (PD) (iCNS).
This is a retrospective analysis of consecutive advanced NSCLC pts treated at Gustave Roussy from 01.2016 to 06.2018 included in 2 prospective studies (CEC-CTC, MSN). Included: any molecular tissue alteration at baseline (EGFR, ALK, BRAF, KRAS, HER2, ROS1, MET, TP53), CNS disease and ≥1 ctDNA sample at diagnosis/PD. CtDNA was performed by next generation sequencing (NGS- InVisionSeq™-Lung). Clinical/molecular/imaging data were collected. CtDNA in iCNS group were compared to systemic PD group (with CNS PD or stable disease, S-CNS). ctDNA was defined as positive if ≥ 1 mutation in the NGS panel.
422/959 screened pts had ≥1 ctDNA sample. 183/422 pts had CNS disease. 58/182 pts had ctDNA sample at time of CNS disease and 66 samples were eligible for inclusion: 21 iCNS and 45 S-CNS (≥1 sample/patient as ≥ 1 PD). In iCNS and S-CNS, pts characteristics were: median age 55 vs 59 years, female gender 94% vs 59%, adenocarcinoma histology 100% vs 93%, smoking history 35% vs 44%, median mts sites at diagnosis 1 vs 2. Prevalence of EGFR mutation at diagnosis was 76 and 61%, ALK rearrangement 18 and 10%, KRAS 6 and 5% in iCNS and in S-CNS, respectively. HER2, TP53, BRAF and MET alterations were present only in S-CNS group (12%, 10%, 5% and 2%). CtDNA was positive in 38% in iCNS vs. 98% in S-CNS groups (Fisher test, p < 0.0001) (Table).
In NSCLC pts with isolated CNS involvement, genomic alterations assessed by ctDNA in plasma had a low detection rate. (Table).
Legal entity responsible for the study
Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France.
Has not received any funding.
L. Mezquita: Consulting, advisory role: Roche Diagnostics; Lectures, educational activities: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Tecnofarma, Roche, AstraZeneca; Travel, accommodations, expenses: Chugai. D. Planchard: Consulting, advisory role or lectures: AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Boehringer Ingelheim, Celgene, Daiichi Sankyo, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, prIME Oncology, Peer CME, Roche; Honoraria: AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Boehringer Ingelheim, Celgene, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, prIME Oncology, Peer CME, Roche; Clinical trials research: AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Boehringer Ingelheim, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Medimmun, Sanofi-Aventis, Taiho Pharma, Novocure, Daiichi Sankyo. C. Morris, E. Green: Employee, shareholder: Inivata. B. Besse: Sponsored research at Gustave Roussy Cancer Center: AbbVie, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Biogen, Blueprint Medicines, BMS, Celgene, Eli Lilly, GSK, Ignyta, IPSEN, Merck KGaA, MSD, Nektar, Onxeo, Pfizer, Pharma Mar, Sanofi, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Takeda, Tiziana Pharma; Investigator or co-investigator of trials: Nerviano, GSK, Pfizer, Roche-Genentech, Lilly, OSE Pharma, MSD, Celgene, Stemcentrx, Ignyta, AbbVie, Loxo Oncology, AstraZeneca, Blueprint Medicines. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.